Significance of serum and urine neuraminidase activity and serum and urine level of sialic acid in diabetic nephropathy.
Summary of "Significance of serum and urine neuraminidase activity and serum and urine level of sialic acid in diabetic nephropathy."
Prospective studies have reported associations among various markers of inflammation and the incidence of diabetes, and it has been proposed that inflammation has a causal role in the development of diabetes. The objective of this study was to investigate the significance of serum and urine neuraminidase activity (NA) and serum and urine sialic acid (SA) level in patients with Diabetic nephropathy.
In a prospective study, 190 diabetic patients with established diabetic nephropathy, 30 type 2 diabetes patients without any diabetic related nephropathy, and 36 non-diabetic patients with diagnosed nephropathy were enrolled. Two hundred and forty healthy individuals without diabetes or kidney disease were also enrolled as control group. Fasting venous blood samples and urine samples were collected and checked for serum and urine NA and SA level.
In the diabetic nephropathy group, the mean value of serum and urine NA was 64.6 ± 2.6 and 11.7 ± 1.2 mU/ml, respectively, and mean values of serum and urine SA were 93.2 ± 3.6 and 17.7 ± 1.4 mg/dl, respectively. Serum and urine NA and SA levels were significantly higher in patient with diabetic nephropathy when compared to the other groups (P < 0.001).
Our study suggests that there is a strong association between elevated serum and urine NA and serum and urine SA levels with the presence of diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetic patients. Further investigations are needed on the diagnostic and prognostic significance of these two inflammatory markers.
Nephrology-Urology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International urology and nephrology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21207147
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-010-9891-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Monoclonal Gammopathy Of Undetermined Significance
Conditions characterized by the presence of M protein (Monoclonal protein) in serum or urine without clinical manifestations of plasma cell dyscrasia.
A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).
Immune complex disease caused by the administration of foreign serum or serum proteins and characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy, arthralgia, and urticaria. When they are complexed to protein carriers, some drugs can also cause serum sickness when they act as haptens inducing antibody responses.
An 11-kDa protein associated with the outer membrane of many cells including lymphocytes. It is the small subunit of the MHC class I molecule. Association with beta 2-microglobulin is generally required for the transport of class I heavy chains from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface. Beta 2-microglobulin is present in small amounts in serum, csf, and urine of normal people, and to a much greater degree in the urine and plasma of patients with tubular proteinemia, renal failure, or kidney transplants.
Blood Bactericidal Activity
The natural bactericidal property of BLOOD due to normally occurring antibacterial substances such as beta lysin, leukin, etc. This activity needs to be distinguished from the bactericidal activity contained in a patient's serum as a result of antimicrobial therapy, which is measured by a SERUM BACTERICIDAL TEST.
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