Violent offenders with or without antisocial personality disorder : A comparison.

19:33 EST 24th November 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Violent offenders with or without antisocial personality disorder : A comparison."


BACKGROUND:
The influence of legal offences on the diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is a common discussion. A population of imprisoned delinquents diagnosed with ASPD was compared to delinquents without ASPD concerning sociodemographic, criminological and clinical characteristics to determine if ASPD can differentiate delinquents apart from committing legal offences. PATIENTS AND
METHODS:
A total of 36 violent offenders with diagnosed ASPD and 29 violent offenders without ASPD were recruited in the prison of Straubing (Germany); 28 control subjects without previous convictions were recruited in the German population. All subjects were examined with the SKID-I and SKID-II, GAF, BIS-11, EPI and K-FAF.
RESULTS:
Violent offenders with ASPD differ from violent offenders without ASPD concerning the following parameters: high values of impulsivity, aggression, irritability, neuroticism and extraversion; low levels of psychosocial functioning, cumulative "broken home" indicators and antisocial behaviour before the age of 11 ("early starters").
CONCLUSION:
Some features are suitable for the discrimination between offenders with or without ADPD, but our results indicate that samples are better distinguished by a dimensional approach, oriented toward their degree of characteristics.

Affiliation

Forensisch Psychiatrischer Dienst, Psychiatrische Universitätsklinik Zürich, Lenggstr. 31, 8032, Zürich, Schweiz.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Der Nervenarzt
ISSN: 1433-0407
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [6750 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Predicting Treatment Attrition Among Seriously Violent Offenders: An Application of the Directionality Model.

Treatment completion by violent offenders results in fewer victims and less violence in society. As researchers and members of society, we have a compelling interest in finding ways to keep violent ma...

DSM-5 Antisocial Personality Disorder: Predictive Validity in a Prison Sample.

Symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), particularly remorselessness, are frequently introduced in legal settings as a risk factor for future violence in prison, despite a paucity of resea...

A Longitudinal Study of Risk Factors for Repeated Sexual Coercion and Assault in U.S. College Men.

The purpose of the current study was to understand the prevalence, severity, and predictors of repeated sexual coercion and assault (SCA) in a non-criminal sample. Participants were 795 college men wh...

Neuropsychology of domestic violence: A comparative preliminary study of executive functioning.

In neuropsychological studies of executive functioning in domestic violence offenders, the different investigations conducted have only studied differences within this group or in relation to control ...

Affective Empathy Differs in Male Violent Offenders With High- and Low-Trait Psychopathy.

This study investigated affective and cognitive empathic processes in incarcerated violent offenders with lower and higher psychopathic traits and healthy controls. Participants witnessed painful expr...

Clinical Trials [2952 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Quetiapine Treatment for Symptoms Associated With Borderline Personality Disorder

Objective: The objective of this study is to quantitatively examine the efficacy of Seroquel (active ingredient quetiapine fumarate) in subjects with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)...

Early Exposure to Lead and Adult Antisocial Outcomes

Prior research indicates a link between early lead exposure and risk for delinquent behavior. In this study, we follow a large birth cohort from the Cincinnati Lead Study into early adult...

A Comparison Study of Treatments Given to Patients With Concurrent Eating Disorder and Personality Disorder.

The aim of this study is to determine whether in-patient treatment is better then intensive out-patient group treatment for patients with concurrent eating disorder and personality disorde...

Effects of Comorbid Personality Disorder on the Treatment of Bipolar I Disorder

This study will examine the impact of comorbid personality disorder on the outcome of treatment among patients with bipolar I disorder.

Pergolide for Cognitive Symptoms in Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Hypothesis: Schizotypal personality disorder patients will show cognitive improvements in 1) working memory 2) learning and memory 3) sustained attention 4) enhanced performance on the AX-...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)

A dissociative disorder in which the individual adopts two or more distinct personalities. Each personality is a fully integrated and complex unit with memories, behavior patterns and social friendships. Transition from one personality to another is sudden.

A personality disorder characterized by the avoidance of accepting deserved blame and an unwarranted view of others as malevolent. The latter is expressed as suspiciousness, hypersensitivity, and mistrust.

A personality disorder characterized by a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (From DSM-IV, 1994)

A personality disorder manifested by a profound defect in the ability to form social relationships, no desire for social involvement, and an indifference to praise or criticism.

Search BioPortfolio:
Loading