Effect of recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (Delta23rHuKGF, Palifermin) on inflammatory and immune changes in mouse tongue during fractionated irradiation.

06:00 EDT 20th July 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor (Delta23rHuKGF, Palifermin) on inflammatory and immune changes in mouse tongue during fractionated irradiation."

Purpose: A significant reduction in the incidence of radiation-induced oral mucositis by Palifermin has been demonstrated. The underlying mechanisms, however, remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of Palifermin on inflammatory and immune processes during fractionated irradiation in mouse tongue. Materials and methods: Fractionated irradiation, 10 x 3 Gy in two weeks, was given to the snout of the animals. In one group, a single injection of Palifermin (15 mg/kg, s.c.) was given one day before the onset of radiotherapy. Groups of mice (n = 3) were sacrificed from day 1-16 after the start of irradiation. Vasodilatation, endothelial expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and the number of CD105-positive (CD105(+)) macrophages were assessed. Results: Compared to untreated control tissue, irradiation resulted in a significant vasodilatation and an increase in endothelial ICAM-1 staining intensity during the entire study period. Additionally, a significant increase in the number of CD105(+) macrophages was detected. In contrast, with Palifermin treatment before irradiation, none of these changes were found within the first 10 days. Conclusion: Palifermin pre-treatment resulted in a long-lasting inhibition of radiation-induced inflammatory and immune changes in mouse tongue. This may contribute to the protective effect of this growth factor.


Department of Radiotherapy and Oncological Therapy, Clinic of Haematology and Oncology, Tartu University Hospital, Estonia.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of radiation biology
ISSN: 1362-3095


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [35822 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Radioprotective effects of Keratinocyte Growth Factor-1 against irradiation-induced salivary gland hypofunction.

Irradiation can cause salivary gland hypofunction, with hyposalivation producing discomfort, health risks, and reducing function in daily life. Despite increasing translational research interest in ra...

Keratinocyte growth factor and the expression of wound-healing-related genes in primary human keratinocytes from burn patients.

To evaluate the effect of keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) treatment on the expression of wound-healing-related genes in cultured keratinocytes from burn patients.

Fetal Origins of Adult Cardiac Disease: A Novel Approach to Prevent Fetal Growth Restriction Induced Cardiac Dysfunction Using Insulin Like Growth Factor.

Fetal growth restriction is a risk factor for adult cardiovascular disease. Intra-placental gene transfer of human insulin-like growth factor-1 corrects birth weight in our mouse model of fetal growth...

Association of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine With the Development of Keratinocyte Carcinomas.

Keratinocyte carcinomas (KCs), consisting of squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), are the most common human malignant neoplasms. Several risk factors have been implicated ...

Hepatocyte growth factor reduces CXCL10 expression in keratinocytes.

Keratinocytes secrete vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angioregulatory chemokines during cutaneous wound healing. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) promotes skin re-epithelialization by incr...

Clinical Trials [7762 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

A Study of Palifermin for the Reduction of Oral Mucositis in Subjects With Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of palifermin (recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor, rHuKGF) in reducing the incidence of severe oral mucositis in ...

A Study of Palifermin for the Reduction of Oral Mucositis in Subjects With Stage 2B or 3 Locally Advanced, Colon Cancer

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of palifermin (recombinant human keratinocyte growth factor, rHuKGF) in reducing the incidence of oral mucos...

Growth Factor to Prevent Oral Mucositis in Patients With Hematologic Cancer

RATIONALE: Keratinocyte growth factor may prevent symptoms of mucositis in patients receiving radiation therapy and chemotherapy. PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effective...

Keratinocyte Growth Factor to Prevent Acute GVHD

This is a study to determine the safety and efficacy of keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) to prevent acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in patients undergoing allogeneic bone marrow (BM...

Effectiveness of Palifermin in Increasing CD4 Counts in Treatment-Experienced HIV Infected Adults

Palifermin is a modified version of a naturally occurring human growth factor that is currently approved by the FDA to treat blood cancers. The purpose of this study is to determine wheth...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A fibroblast growth factor that preferentially activates FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR 4. It was initially identified as an androgen-induced growth factor and plays a role in regulating growth of human BREAST NEOPLASMS and PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS.

A single-chain polypeptide growth factor that plays a significant role in the process of WOUND HEALING and is a potent inducer of PHYSIOLOGIC ANGIOGENESIS. Several different forms of the human protein exist ranging from 18-24 kDa in size due to the use of alternative start sites within the fgf-2 gene. It has a 55 percent amino acid residue identity to FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 1 and has potent heparin-binding activity. The growth factor is an extremely potent inducer of DNA synthesis in a variety of cell types from mesoderm and neuroectoderm lineages. It was originally named basic fibroblast growth factor based upon its chemical properties and to distinguish it from acidic fibroblast growth factor (FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 1).

A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and epithelial cells.

Multifunctional growth factor which regulates both cell growth and cell motility. It exerts a strong mitogenic effect on hepatocytes and primary epithelial cells. Its receptor is PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS C-MET.

A well-characterized neutral peptide believed to be secreted by the LIVER and to circulate in the BLOOD. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like and mitogenic activities. The growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on SOMATOTROPIN. It is believed to be a major fetal growth factor in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR I, which is a major growth factor in adults.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

  Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...

Searches Linking to this Article