Importance of Alcohol in Skin Preparation Protocols.

16:41 EDT 4th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Importance of Alcohol in Skin Preparation Protocols."

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Affiliation

From the Departments of Surgery (B.R.S., R.G.S.) and Public Health Sciences (R.G.S.), University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Infection control and hospital epidemiology : the official journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America
ISSN: 1559-6834
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [11989 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A comparison of the efficacy of 70% v/v isopropyl alcohol with either 0.5% w/v or 2% w/v chlorhexidine gluconate for skin preparation before harvest of the long saphenous vein used in coronary artery bypass grafting.

Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) is often recommended for skin antisepsis; however, the most efficacious concentration is currently unclear. Our objective was to compare the efficacy of 70% isopropyl alc...

Skin preparation with alcohol versus alcohol followed by any antiseptic for preventing bacteraemia or contamination of blood for transfusion.

Blood for transfusion may become contaminated at any point between collection and transfusion and may result in bacteraemia (the presence of bacteria in the blood), severe illness or even death for th...

Chemoenzymatic Dynamic Kinetic Resolution: A Powerful Tool for the Preparation of Enantiomerically pure Alcohols and Amines.

Chemoenzymatic dynamic kinetic resolution constitutes a convenient and efficient method to access enantiomerically pure alcohol and amine derivatives. This perspective highlights the work carried out ...

Does Electrode Impedance Affect the Recording of Ocular Vestibular-Evoked Myogenic Potentials?

Background: In evoked potential testing, it is common practice to abrade the skin surface as a means of reducing and balancing electrode impedance. The effects of skin preparation and electrode impeda...

The effect of alcohol priming on neural markers of alcohol cue-reactivity.

Priming doses of alcohol are associated with increased desire to drink and disinhibitory effects on subsequent control over drinking. Despite the importance of alcohol priming in the cue-reactivity li...

Clinical Trials [2684 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Efficacy of Surgical Preparation Solutions in Shoulder Surgery

The purpose of the present study was to examine the native bacteria around the shoulder and determine the efficacy of three different surgical skin-preparation solutions on the eradication...

Prevention of Catheter-Associated Infection With the Skin Disinfectant Octenidine Dihydrochloride

Health-care-acquired infections are of tremendous importance for patients, especially catheter-associated infections. More than 40% of all bloodstream infections are associated with centra...

Evaluating the Effectiveness of 2 Surgical Skin Preparation Methods in Reducing Surgical Wound Drainage After Total Hip or Knee Replacement

Surgical skin complications can be costly and could contribute to extended in-patient stay following total joint replacement or even the need for re-admission. If efficacy in reducing the...

Topical Perillyl Alcohol in Treating Patients With Sun Damaged Skin and Actinic Keratoses

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as perillyl alcohol, work in different ways to stop the growth of abnormal cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing....

Efficacy of InteguSeal for Surgical Skin Preparation in Patients Undergoing Total Joint Replacement

This study is being conducted to investigate the potential benefits of using a special type of fluid that can be applied to the skin (Integuseal) in addition to standard surgical skin prep...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Clinical protocols used to inhibit the growth or spread of NEOPLASMS.

Vinblastine derivative with antineoplastic activity against CANCER. Major side effects are myelosuppression and neurotoxicity. Vindesine is used extensively in chemotherapy protocols (ANTINEOPLASTIC COMBINED CHEMOTHERAPY PROTOCOLS).

Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.

Phospholipids which have an alcohol moiety in ethereal linkage with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohol. They are usually derivatives of phosphoglycerols or phosphatidates. The other two alcohol groups of the glycerol backbone are usually in ester linkage. These compounds are widely distributed in animal tissues.

A carbamate derivative used as an alcohol deterrent. It is a relatively nontoxic substance when administered alone, but markedly alters the intermediary metabolism of alcohol. When alcohol is ingested after administration of disulfiram, blood acetaldehyde concentrations are increased, followed by flushing, systemic vasodilation, respiratory difficulties, nausea, hypotension, and other symptoms (acetaldehyde syndrome). It acts by inhibiting aldehyde dehydrogenase.


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