Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in Nigeria.

02:08 EDT 29th August 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in Nigeria."


ABSTRACT:

BACKGROUND:
Exclusive breast feeding (EBF) has important protective effects on the survival of infants and decreases risk for many early-life diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the factors associated with EBF in Nigeria.
METHODS:
Data on 658 children less than 6 months of age were obtained from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) 2003. The 2003 NDHS was a multi-stage cluster sample survey of 7864 households. EBF rates were examined against a set of individual, household and community level variables using a backward stepwise multilevel logistic regression method.
RESULTS:
The average EBF rate among infants younger than 6 months of age was 16.4% (95%
CI:
12.6%-21.1%) but was only 7.1% in infants in their fifth month of age. After adjusting for potential confounders, multivariate analyses revealed that the odds of EBF were higher in rich (Adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR) = 1.15, CI=0.28-6.69) and middle level (AOR = 2.45, CI =1.06-5.68) households than poor households. Increasing infant age was associated with significantly less EBF (AOR = 0.65, 95%
CI:
0.51-0.82). Mothers who had four or more antenatal visits were significantly more likely to engage in EBF (AOR = 2.70, 95%CI =1.04-7.01). Female infants were more likely to be exclusively breastfed than male infants (AOR = 2.13, 95%CI =1.03-4.39). Mothers who lived in the North Central geopolitical region were significantly more likely to exclusively breastfeed their babies than those mothers who lived in other geopolitical regions.
CONCLUSIONS:
The EBF rate in Nigeria is low and falls well short of the expected levels needed to achieve a substantial reduction in child mortality. Antenatal care was strongly associated with an increased rate of EBF. Appropriate infant feeding practises are needed if Nigeria is to reach the child survival Millennium Development Goal of reducing infant mortality from about 100 deaths per 1000 live births to a target of 35 deaths per 1000 live births by the year 2015.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: BMC pregnancy and childbirth
ISSN: 1471-2393
Pages: 2

Links

PubMed Articles [1709 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Determinants of suboptimal breastfeeding practices in Nigeria: evidence from the 2008 demographic and health survey.

In Nigeria, suboptimal breastfeeding practices are contributing to the burden of childhood diseases and mortality. This study identified the determinants of key suboptimal breastfeeding practices amon...

Determinants of the exclusive breastfeeding abandonment: psychosocial factors.

OBJECTIVE To assess the determinants of exclusive breastfeeding abandonment. METHODS Longitudinal study based on a birth cohort in Viçosa, MG, Southeastern Brazil. In 2011/2012, 168 new mothers acces...

Exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in Debre Markos, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

Exclusive breastfeeding is the most widely known and effective intervention for preventing early-childhood deaths. Optimum breastfeeding practices can prevent 1.4 million deaths worldwide among childr...

Mothers' attitudes and beliefs about infant feeding highlight barriers to exclusive breastfeeding in American Samoa.

In American Samoa, initiation of breastfeeding is almost universal but exclusive breastfeeding, a promising target for obesity prevention, is short in duration.

Determining a Cut-Off Point for Scores of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form: Secondary Data Analysis of an Intervention Study in Japan.

Breastfeeding self-efficacy can be measured with the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF). Mothers with low BSES-SF scores stop exclusive breastfeeding prematurely, but specific inte...

Clinical Trials [306 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Early Breastfeeding Cessation - is It Possible to Prevent?

The purpose of this study is to investigate if a postnatal public health breastfeeding intervention relying on the importance of the psychosocial factors can prolong the period with exclus...

Implementation Strategy for a Breastfeeding Guideline in Primary Care

The purpose of this study is to determine whether an implementation strategy for a breastfeeding guide is more effective than the usual practice (simple circulation of the guide) in terms ...

Zambia Exclusive Breastfeeding Study

The study is designed as a randomized, controlled trial with specific observational objectives. All HIV-seropositive pregnant subjects electing to breastfeed their child will be counselle...

Breastfeeding, Antiretroviral, and Nutrition Study

This is a comparative clinical trial among HIV-infected women and their infants to determine: 1. the benefit of nutritional supplementation given to women during breastfeeding ...

Hospital-Based Paraprofessional Lactation Clinic

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that providing in-hospital, supervised paraprofessional breastfeeding consultation during the hiatus between hospital discharge and the first postpartum WIC o...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Unique, genetically controlled determinants present on ANTIBODIES whose specificity is limited to a single group of proteins (e.g., another antibody molecule or an individual myeloma protein). The idiotype appears to represent the antigenicity of the antigen-binding site of the antibody and to be genetically codetermined with it. The idiotypic determinants have been precisely located to the IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION of both immunoglobin polypeptide chains.

A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)

A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is used for food in NIGERIA.

A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.

A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Breast Cancer
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Track and monitor developments in breast cancer research and commercial development.  Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on breast cancer and follow companies active in the development of breast cancer tr...

Pediatrics
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Nutrition
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Advertisement