Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in Nigeria.
Summary of "Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in Nigeria."
Exclusive breast feeding (EBF) has important protective effects on the survival of infants and decreases risk for many early-life diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the factors associated with EBF in Nigeria.
Data on 658 children less than 6 months of age were obtained from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) 2003. The 2003 NDHS was a multi-stage cluster sample survey of 7864 households. EBF rates were examined against a set of individual, household and community level variables using a backward stepwise multilevel logistic regression method.
The average EBF rate among infants younger than 6 months of age was 16.4% (95%
12.6%-21.1%) but was only 7.1% in infants in their fifth month of age. After adjusting for potential confounders, multivariate analyses revealed that the odds of EBF were higher in rich (Adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR) = 1.15, CI=0.28-6.69) and middle level (AOR = 2.45, CI =1.06-5.68) households than poor households. Increasing infant age was associated with significantly less EBF (AOR = 0.65, 95%
0.51-0.82). Mothers who had four or more antenatal visits were significantly more likely to engage in EBF (AOR = 2.70, 95%CI =1.04-7.01). Female infants were more likely to be exclusively breastfed than male infants (AOR = 2.13, 95%CI =1.03-4.39). Mothers who lived in the North Central geopolitical region were significantly more likely to exclusively breastfeed their babies than those mothers who lived in other geopolitical regions.
The EBF rate in Nigeria is low and falls well short of the expected levels needed to achieve a substantial reduction in child mortality. Antenatal care was strongly associated with an increased rate of EBF. Appropriate infant feeding practises are needed if Nigeria is to reach the child survival Millennium Development Goal of reducing infant mortality from about 100 deaths per 1000 live births to a target of 35 deaths per 1000 live births by the year 2015.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: BMC pregnancy and childbirth
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21219659
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-11-2
Many preterm infants are not capable of exclusive breastfeeding from birth. To guide mothers in breastfeeding, it is important to know when preterm infants can initiate breastfeeding and progress. The...
Exclusive breastfeeding is the most widely known and effective intervention for preventing early-childhood deaths. Optimum breastfeeding practices can prevent 1.4 million deaths worldwide among childr...
Objective: To ensure complete adhesion of primiparous women with exclusive breastfeeding, we need to understand the factors influencing this practice. The objective of this study was to determine the ...
Integrating Group Counseling, Cell Phone Messaging, and Participant-Generated Songs and Dramas into a Microcredit Program Increases Nigerian Women's Adherence to International Breastfeeding Recommendations.
In northern Nigeria, interventions are urgently needed to narrow the large gap between international breastfeeding recommendations and actual breastfeeding practices. Studies of integrated microcredit...
Exclusive breastfeeding is the best form of nutrition for infants in the first 6 months of life. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Tehran, Islamic Rep...
The purpose of this study is to investigate if a postnatal public health breastfeeding intervention relying on the importance of the psychosocial factors can prolong the period with exclus...
The study is designed as a randomized, controlled trial with specific observational objectives. All HIV-seropositive pregnant subjects electing to breastfeed their child will be counselle...
This is a comparative clinical trial among HIV-infected women and their infants to determine: 1. the benefit of nutritional supplementation given to women during breastfeeding ...
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that providing in-hospital, supervised paraprofessional breastfeeding consultation during the hiatus between hospital discharge and the first postpartum WIC o...
The aim of this study is to conduct a pilot randomized controlled trial of the effect of early limited formula supplementation on breastfeeding-related outcomes for infants with high early...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Unique, genetically controlled determinants present on ANTIBODIES whose specificity is limited to a single group of proteins (e.g., another antibody molecule or an individual myeloma protein). The idiotype appears to represent the antigenicity of the antigen-binding site of the antibody and to be genetically codetermined with it. The idiotypic determinants have been precisely located to the IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION of both immunoglobin polypeptide chains.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is used for food in NIGERIA.
A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.