Extent and location of bone loss at dental implants in patients with peri-implantitis.
Peri-implantitis is an infectious disease, which leads to loss of supporting bone around dental implants. To evaluate the extent and location of bone loss, 43 patients with peri-implantitis were examined. The bone loss was clinically measured at the time of dental surgery. Data revealed that 25% of subjects had bone loss associated with all their implants although the majority of the subjects had fewer than 50% of their implants affected by bone loss. A total number of 264 implants were examined and 131 of those had peri-implantitis associated bone loss. The pattern of bone loss at implants varied between and within subjects and location in the jaws. The highest proportion of implants with peri-implantitis was found in the upper jaw and within this group, at implants located in the incisor area of the upper jaw; the lowest was the canine area of the lower jaw. The highest proportion of implants that lost ≥2/3 of their bone support was found in the incisor area of the maxilla. We concluded that in the presence of peri-implant inflammation, bone quantity and characteristics may influence the progression of peri-implantitis bone loss at dental implants. We hypothesize that the ability of the bone to withstand occlusal forces will be altered as consequence of the loss of bone at the neck of the implants. To achieve an understanding of the local degradation of bone due to peri-implantitis, we need to analyze the microstructure of the bone as well the cellular biology of the peri-implant inflammation.
Specialistic Clinic in Periodontics, Södra Älvsborgs Hospital, Borås, Sweden; Research and Developments Unit, Borås, Sweden.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of biomechanics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21055752
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.10.014
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An inflammatory process with loss of supporting bone in the tissues surrounding functioning DENTAL IMPLANTS.
Inflammation and loss of PERIODONTIUM that is characterized by rapid attachment loss and bone destruction in the presence of little local factors such as DENTAL PLAQUE and DENTAL CALCULUS. This highly destructive form of periodontitis often occurs in young people and was called early-onset periodontitis, but this disease also appears in old people.
Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.
The growth action of bone tissue, as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).
Multi-channel hearing devices typically used for patients who have tumors on the COCHLEAR NERVE and are unable to benefit from COCHLEAR IMPLANTS after tumor surgery that severs the cochlear nerve. The device electrically stimulates the nerves of cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than the inner ear as in cochlear implants.