Uterine smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential: a case presentation.

Summary of "Uterine smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential: a case presentation."

A 42-year-old virgin woman was admitted to our clinic with increasing menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea for several months. A pelvic ultrasound scan showed a 9 × 7 cm heterogeneous mass in the uterine cavity. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging showed a large non-homogeneous tumor mass measuring 97 × 56 mm in the uterine cavity. After intravenous contrast material, cystic necrotic areas with marked contrast enhancement were observed in the solid lesion. Tumor markers were all within normal ranges. The patient underwent laparotomy, and total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy were performed. Our case was diagnosed as uterine smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP). The patient was put on a close clinical follow-up schedule, and is doing well without recurrence in 2 years later. Patients with STUMP should be counseled regarding the potential for recurrence as leiomyosarcoma, and may require closer surveillance than a yearly examination and may need a consultation with a gynecologic oncologist.


Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Selcuk University Meram Medical School, Akyokuş, 42080, Konya, Turkey,

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of clinical oncology / Japan Society of Clinical Oncology
ISSN: 2547-7772


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A benign neoplasm of muscle (usually smooth muscle) with glandular elements. It occurs most frequently in the uterus and uterine ligaments. (Stedman, 25th ed)

A relatively rare smooth muscle tumor found most frequently in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the stomach. It is similar to other smooth muscle tumors but may become very large and hemorrhage and exhibit small cystic areas. Simple excision is almost always curative. (From Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1354)

Precursor cells destined to differentiate into smooth muscle myocytes (MYOCYTES, SMOOTH MUSCLE).

Tumors or cancer located in muscle tissue or specific muscles. They are differentiated from NEOPLASMS, MUSCLE TISSUE which are neoplasms composed of skeletal, cardiac, or smooth muscle tissue, such as MYOSARCOMA or LEIOMYOMA.

A tumor composed of smooth muscle tissue, as opposed to leiomyoma, a tumor derived from smooth muscle.

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