Nonsuicidal-Self-Injury: Characteristics, Assessment and Risk Factors.
Summary of "Nonsuicidal-Self-Injury: Characteristics, Assessment and Risk Factors."
Psychotherapists and psychiatrists are often confronted with patients suffering from self-inflicted injuries. A specific form of self-inflicted physical injury is nonsuicidal self-injury. This article aims at giving an overview of the phenomena of self-injury behavior. Extensive literature research was carried out in the databanks Medline and ISI Web of Knowledge and especially, current literature was the main feature of interest. Although there are numerous publications giving a broad overview, however, important aspects have not yet been clarified. The question arises whether self-injury behavior can be regarded as an independent syndrome or if it is, as assumed, a precursor for severe mental disorders.
Universität Bremen, Zentrum für Klinische Psychologie und Rehabilitation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, medizinische Psychologie
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20645236
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1255086
Injury in initial military training is common with incidences from 25 to 65% of recruits sustaining musculoskeletal injury. Risk factors for injury include extrinsic factors such as rapid onset of hig...
The present study investigated the association between nonsuicidal self-injury characteristics, functions, and the UPPS-P impulsivity-related traits in high-school students using self-report questionn...
Aim: The aim of this review was to systematically collate and qualitatively evaluate the epidemiologic data on risk factors related to injuries in taekwondo athletes. Methods: Electronic searches of r...
To identify the risk factors, characteristics and outcomes of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) at our institution.
Several studies have reported osteomyelitis of the jaw (OMJ) as a side effect of bisphosphonates (BPs), and the risk of oral BPs has been recently clarified. However, other systemic risk factors of OM...
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is located inside the knee joint and provides stability to the knee. ACL injuries occur more frequently in women than men; the reason for this is unkno...
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders(MSD)are very common，which account for most of the occupational compensation in U.S.A。According to the epidemiological surveys，injured sites are...
This study will look at dietary patterns in individuals with chronic spinal cord injuries and the relationship between these dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The s...
Cardiovascular risk in women is systematically underestimated by both - society and physicians. Women younger than 50 years of age with acute coronary syndrome have 2x higher mortality com...
The overall goal of this project is to reduce the risk for anterior cruciate ligament injuries by designing a targeted intervention that will alter the known kinematic and kinetic risk fac...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
The use of severity-of-illness measures, such as age, to estimate the risk (measurable or predictable chance of loss, injury or death) to which a patient is subject before receiving some health care intervention. This adjustment allows comparison of performance and quality across organizations, practitioners, and communities. (from JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Multidisciplinary field focusing on prevention of infectious diseases and patient safety during international TRAVEL. Key element of the pretravel physician's visit is a health risk assessment.