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By using a methyl tetramate derivative (R)- or (S)-9 as a novel chiral building block, a direct, flexible, and highly enantioselective approach to methyl (R)- or (S)-5-alkyltetramates (2) is disclosed. Among the synthesized methyl 5-alkyltetramates 2, methyl 5-methyltetramate (2 a) is found in cytotoxic mirabimide E (4) and dysideapyrrolidone (5), and methyl 5-benzyltetramate (2 g) is a substructure in the potent antineoplastic dolastatin 15 (3). On the basis of this method, the first asymmetric synthesis of the antimitotic tetrapeptide belamide A (7) has been achieved in seven steps from (S)-9, with an overall yield of 23.8 %. Not only have the structure and absolute configuration of (+)-belamide A (7) been confirmed, but also the solvent used for recording the (13) C NMR spectrum, the (13) C NMR spectrum data correlation, and optical rotation data of natural belamide A (7) have been revised.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)
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Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)