Epidemiological study of primary intracranial tumors: a regional survey in Kumamoto prefecture in southern Japan-20-year study.
Summary of "Epidemiological study of primary intracranial tumors: a regional survey in Kumamoto prefecture in southern Japan-20-year study."
The increased use of neuro-imaging techniques, as well as various environmental factors, has been changing the incidence and the proportions of types of intracranial tumors. However, no accurate population-based epidemiological study of intracranial tumors in Japan has been reported. We evaluated recent trends in the occurrence of primary intracranial tumors among residents of Kumamoto prefecture, Japan. METHODS AND
We surveyed 5,448 new cases of primary intracranial tumors that were diagnosed in Kumamoto prefecture between 1989 and 2008. The overall age-adjusted incidence rate was 14.09 (11.59 for males, 16.38 for females) per 100,000 population per year. The most common tumors were meningiomas (36.8%), followed by gliomas (19.5%), adenomas (17.8%), schwannomas (9.9%), and malignant lymphomas (3.6%). The number of cases of primary brain tumors, especially meningiomas and malignant gliomas, among the elderly has steadily increased and the incidence of asymptomatic intracranial tumors also increased. The number of asymptomatic meningiomas diagnosed per year was higher than that of symptomatic meningiomas in the years between 1997 and 2008. Furthermore, the incidence rate of brain lymphoma in Kumamoto prefecture is approaching that recorded in Western countries. On the other hand, the incidence rate of germ cell tumors is on the decline, approaching that recorded for children in Western countries.
Even though we adjusted the population in Kumamoto prefecture based on the Japanese population, increasing rates of several types of intracranial tumors were observed. These incidence rates are approaching those in Western countries.
Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of clinical oncology / Japan Society of Clinical Oncology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21240684
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-010-0178-y
Naturopathy forms an increasingly significant part of the Australian healthcare setting, with high utilisation of naturopaths by the Australian public and a large therapeutic footprint in rural and re...
Meningiomas are one of the most common tumors that arise within the central nervous system; they represent up to 30% of all primary intracranial tumors. Extradural meningiomas are rare (
Object The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of CSF disturbances before and after intracranial surgery for pediatric brain tumors in a large, contemporary, single-institution consecut...
To investigate the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of primary palmar hyperhidrosis (PPH) among adolescents in PR China.
There are close to 70,000 new cases of primary central nervous system tumors diagnosed annually in the United States. Meningiomas, gliomas, nerve sheath tumors and pituitary tumors account for 85% of ...
The Chinese Cerebral Aneurysms Survey is a continuing prospective study to evaluate the effectiveness of unenhanced, three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (3D-TOF...
The study is an epidemiological survey to find out the incidence of loss of appetite in Indian patients suffering from various health disorders. This survey will be conducted to obtain inf...
RATIONALE: Sunitinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying sunitinib to see how well it works...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of using Fluorescein Sodium and the Yellow 560 microscope to aid in treatment of intracranial tumors and vascular lesions.
Significant data exists to suggest that lipid emulsion administration in the setting of local anesthetic toxicity has the potential to be life-saving. Unfortunately, a variety of potential...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Primary or metastatic neoplasms of the CEREBELLUM. Tumors in this location frequently present with ATAXIA or signs of INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION due to obstruction of the fourth ventricle. Common primary cerebellar tumors include fibrillary ASTROCYTOMA and cerebellar HEMANGIOBLASTOMA. The cerebellum is a relatively common site for tumor metastases from the lung, breast, and other distant organs. (From Okazaki & Scheithauer, Atlas of Neuropathology, 1988, p86 and p141)
Glioma derived from ependymocytes that tend to present as malignant intracranial tumors in children and as benign intraspinal neoplasms in adults. It may arise from any level of the ventricular system or central canal of the spinal cord. Intracranial ependymomas most frequently originate in the FOURTH VENTRICLE and histologically are densely cellular tumors which may contain ependymal tubules and perivascular pseudorosettes. Spinal ependymomas are usually benign papillary or myxopapillary tumors. (From DeVita et al., Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2018; Escourolle et al., Manual of Basic Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp28-9)
Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
A benign tumor of the nervous system that may occur sporadically or in association with VON HIPPEL-LINDAU DISEASE. It accounts for approximately 2% of intracranial tumors, arising most frequently in the cerebellar hemispheres and vermis. Histologically, the tumors are composed of multiple capillary and sinusoidal channels lined with endothelial cells and clusters of lipid-laden pseudoxanthoma cells. Usually solitary, these tumors can be multiple and may also occur in the brain stem, spinal cord, retina, and supratentorial compartment. Cerebellar hemangioblastomas usually present in the third decade with INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION, and ataxia. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2071-2)
Types and formulations of studies used in epidemiological and clinical research.