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'Shape effects' in metal oxide supported nanoscale gold catalysts.

Summary of "'Shape effects' in metal oxide supported nanoscale gold catalysts."

We report the activity of shape-controlled metal oxide (CeO(2), ZnO and Fe(3)O(4)) supported gold catalysts for the steam reforming of methanol (SRM) and the water gas shift (WGS) reactions. Metal oxide nanoshapes, prepared by controlled hydrolysis and thermolysis methods, expose different crystal surfaces, and consequently disperse and stabilize gold differently. We observe that similar to gold supported on CeO(2) shapes exposing the {110} and {111} surfaces, gold supported on the oxygen-rich ZnO {0001} and Fe(3)O(4) {111} surfaces shows higher activity for the SRM and WGS reactions. While the reaction rates vary among the Au-CeO(2), Au-ZnO and Au-Fe(3)O(4) shapes, the apparent activation energies are similar, indicating a common active site. TPR data further indicate that the reaction lightoff coincides with the activation of Au-O-M species on the surface of all three oxide supports evaluated here. Different shapes contain a different number of binding sites for the gold, imparting different overall activity.

Affiliation

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Tufts University, 4 Colby Street, Medford, MA 02155, USA. maria.flytzani-stephanopoulos@tufts.edu.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP
ISSN: 1463-9084
Pages: 2517-27

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