Diagnostic imaging of subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Summary of "Diagnostic imaging of subarachnoid hemorrhage."
Subarachnoid hemorrhage is characterized by the extravasation of blood into the spaces covering the central nervous system which are filled with cerebrospinal fluid. The leading cause of non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage is rupture of an intracranial aneurysm. Computed tomography (CT) scanning of the head should be the first examination performed in any patient with suspected subarachnoid hemorrhage. The characteristic appearance of extravasated blood is hyperdense. Head CT scanning can also demonstrate intraparenchymal hematomas, hydrocephalus and cerebral edema and can help predict the site of aneurysm rupture.
Klinik für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar, Kirrberger Str. 1, 66421, Homburg/Saar, Deutschland, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Radiologe
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21253687
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00117-010-2049-y
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Traumatic
Bleeding into the SUBARACHNOID SPACE due to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Minor hemorrhages may be asymptomatic; moderate to severe hemorrhages may be associated with INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION and VASOSPASM, INTRACRANIAL.
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.
Incision of tissues for injection of medication or for other diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Punctures of the skin, for example may be used for diagnostic drainage; of blood vessels for diagnostic imaging procedures.
Cardiac Imaging Techniques
Visualization of the heart structure and cardiac blood flow for diagnostic evaluation or to guide cardiac procedures via techniques including ENDOSCOPY (cardiac endoscopy, sometimes refered to as cardioscopy), RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; TOMOGRAPHY; or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
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