A retrospective study of Octaplex in the treatment of bleeding in patients with haemophilia A complicated by inhibitors.
Summary of "A retrospective study of Octaplex in the treatment of bleeding in patients with haemophilia A complicated by inhibitors."
The nonactivated prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) Octaplex (Octapharma PPGmbH, Vienna, Austria) has been used successfully for the treatment of congenital and acquired coagulation factor deficiencies and associated bleeding. The aims of this study were to assess retrospectively whether Octaplex is an effective treatment option for haemophilia A patients with high-titre inhibitors of factor VIII (FVIII) and to investigate the impact of Octaplex on thrombin generation in vitro and ex vivo. Retrospective data were collected from 15 haemophilia A patients with FVIII inhibitors who had been treated with Octaplex. Mild bleeds were treated for a median of 1 day with a median dose of 77 IU/kg and moderate bleeds for 3 days with 57 IU/kg. The physician's overall satisfaction with Octaplex, taking into account efficacy, safety and cost in comparison with other treatment options, was assessed for each bleed. The overall rating was good, very good or excellent for 29 of 41 (71%) bleeds. No adverse drug reactions were reported. In in-vitro studies of thrombin generation with normal plasma samples, experimental inhibition of FVIII activity prolonged the lag phase, diminished the peak thrombin concentration and decreased the area under the concentration-time curve, as expected. Marked improvement in thrombin generation parameters was achieved by adding 0.5-3 IU factor IX/ml PCC into the samples. The same held true when using plasma samples from haemophilia A patients with FVIII inhibitors. These results demonstrate that Octaplex overcomes inhibition of FVIII in in-vitro and ex-vivo assays of thrombin generation, and that Octaplex is an effective treatment option for haemophilia A patients with FVIII inhibitors.
aCentre for Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Skane University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden bHemocentro da Paraíba, av. Dom Pedro II, s/n, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil cOctapharma Brazil Ltda, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil dOctapharma PPGmbH, Vienna, A
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20644466
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MBC.0b013e32833c9ab9
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A deficiency of blood coagulation factor IX inherited as an X-linked disorder. (Also known as Christmas Disease, after the first patient studied in detail, not the holy day.) Historical and clinical features resemble those in classic hemophilia (HEMOPHILIA A), but patients present with fewer symptoms. Severity of bleeding is usually similar in members of a single family. Many patients are asymptomatic until the hemostatic system is stressed by surgery or trauma. Treatment is similar to that for hemophilia A. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1008)
Bleeding into the joints. It may arise from trauma or spontaneously in patients with hemophilia.
Directly Observed Therapy
A treatment method in which patients are under direct observation when they take their medication or receive their treatment. This method is designed to reduce the risk of treatment interruption and to ensure patient compliance.
Controlled Clinical Trial
Work consisting of a clinical trial involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicine, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trial is characterized as a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.
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