Epidemiology of valvular heart disease in the adult.
Summary of "Epidemiology of valvular heart disease in the adult."
Valvular heart disease remains common in industrialized countries, because the decrease in prevalence of rheumatic heart diseases has been accompanied by an increase in that of degenerative valve diseases. Aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation are the two most common types of valvular disease in Europe. The prevalence of valvular disease increases sharply with age, owing to the predominance of degenerative etiologies. The burden of heart valve disease in the elderly has an important impact on patient management, given the high frequency of comorbidity and the increased risk associated with intervention in this age group. Endocarditis is an important etiology of valvular disease and is most commonly caused by Staphylococci. Rheumatic heart disease remains prevalent in developing countries.
Cardiology Department, Bichat Hospital, AP-HP, 46 rue Henri Huchard, 75018 Paris, France.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nature reviews. Cardiology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21263455
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrcardio.2010.202
Diseases of the heart valves constitute a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) being the dominant form of valvular heart disease (VHD) in ...
2013 was the year of transcatheter heart valve interventions. Not least because of the 2012 European guidelines on the management of valvular heart disease (VHD), the multidisciplinary heart team appr...
The aim of this study is to compare the feasibility and capacity of multiplanar reformatting (MPR) mode of three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE-MPR technique) with two-dimensional echocardiography ...
In the light of the recommendations published in 2012 by the European Society of Cardiology, the present article provides a review of the assessment, diagnosis and drug therapy of frequent cardiac val...
In a blinded echocardiographic study we investigate the frequency of valvular abnormalities in a group of Parkinson patients treated with either ergot derived dopamine agonists (pergolide ...
To conduct an analysis of the epidemiology of coronary heart disease (CHD) in Blacks using data collected from the 'Survival and Ventricular Enlargement (SAVE) Following Myocardial Infarct...
In today's world of advanced surgery, children born with congenital heart disease (CHD) are surviving into adulthood. However, the surgical procedures these children undergo do not cure th...
Primary objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the cyclosporin A administration to induce a cardioprotection during the valvular surgery.
To identify and evaluate genetic and non-genetic determinants of coronary heart disease (CHD), atherosclerosis, and their risk factors in ongoing population-based epidemiology studies. Th...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Cardiac manifestation of systemic rheumatological conditions, such as RHEUMATIC FEVER. Rheumatic heart disease can involve any part the heart, most often the HEART VALVES and the ENDOCARDIUM.
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Disease-related laceration or tearing of tissues of the heart, including the free-wall MYOCARDIUM; HEART SEPTUM; PAPILLARY MUSCLES; CHORDAE TENDINEAE; and any of the HEART VALVES. Pathological rupture usually results from myocardial infarction (HEART RUPTURE, POST-INFARCTION).
An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)