One-week antihypertensive effect of ile-gln-pro in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Summary of "One-week antihypertensive effect of ile-gln-pro in spontaneously hypertensive rats."
The antihypertensive effect of an angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptide Ile-Gln-Pro (IQP), whose sequence was derived from Spirulina platensis , was investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) for 1 week. The weighted systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of the peptide IQP-treated group were significantly lower than those of the negative control group from the third and fourth days, respectively. Accompanying the blood pressure reduction, a significant regulation of the expression of major components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) was found in the treatment group, including downregulation of the mRNA levels of renin, ACE, and the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor in the kidney, as well as serum angiotensinogen (Ang), ACE, and angiotensin II (Ang II) concentrations. The treatment group also showed upregulation of mRNA expression of the angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor in the kidney. Our findings suggested that IQP might be of potential use in the treatment of hypertension.
Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Rats, Inbred Wky
A strain of Rattus norvegicus used as a normotensive control for the spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR).
A benzothiadiazine derivative that is a peripheral vasodilator used for hypertensive emergencies. It lacks diuretic effect, apparently because it lacks a sulfonamide group.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive
Bleeding within the SKULL that is caused by systemic HYPERTENSION, usually in association with INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOSCLEROSIS. Hypertensive hemorrhages are most frequent in the BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; PONS; and THALAMUS; but may also involve the CEREBRAL CORTEX, subcortical white matter, and other brain structures.
Mutant strains of rats that produce little or no hair. Several different homozygous recessive mutations can cause hairlessness in rats including rnu/rnu (Rowett nude), fz/fz (fuzzy), shn/shn (shorn), and nznu/nznu (New Zealand nude). Note that while NUDE RATS are often hairless, they are most characteristically athymic.
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