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Obesity is one of the constellation of factors that make up the definition of the metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is also associated with insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The presence of obesity and metabolic syndrome in men and women is also associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and hypertension. In men, obesity and metabolic syndrome are associated with reductions in testosterone levels. In women, obesity and metabolic syndrome are associated with increases in androgen levels. In men, reductions in androgen levels are associated with inflammation, and androgen supplements reduce inflammation. In women, increases in androgens are associated with increases in inflammatory cytokines, and reducing androgens reduces inflammation. This review discusses the possibility that the effects of androgens on metabolic syndrome and its sequelae may differ between males and females.
Women's Health Research Center, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 N. State Street, Jackson, MS, 39216-4505, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current hypertension reports
Aim. To investigate the relationship among GGT, ferritin, and the risk of metabolic syndrome. Methods. A total of 1024 eligible individuals of the Chinese Yi ethnic group were enrolled in this cross-s...
Aging strongly affects the skeletal muscle and is associated with microvascular dysfunctions. Age is also a primary risk factor for the metabolic syndrome, which is a cluster of metabolic and cardiova...
Metabolic syndrome (MS) has become a health and financial burden worldwide. Susceptibility of genetically determined metabotype of MS has not yet been investigated. We aimed to identify a distinctive ...
Serum uric acid (UA) has been associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and urine albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR). We questioned whether UA and ACR are associated in pre-metabolic individuals, and whet...
The coexistence of hypertension, abdominal obesity, and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism disturbances favors the acceleration of other disease entities - also apart from cardiovascular system disorde...
The objective of the study is to investigate effects of inorganic sodium nitrite on the cardiometabolic and hormonal disturbances observed in a targeted population of overweight/obese adul...
To determine if a one year treatment Losartan with or without HCTZ at different dosages have an effect on metabolic parameters in patients with hypertension and the metabolic syndrome.
The metabolic syndrome is a classification for patients with a constellation of risk factors which may include abdominal obesity, hypertension, elevated blood lipids and sugar. Three or m...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of hyperuricemia treatment compared with placebo on participants with high risk of hypertension and metabolic syndrome.
The purpose of this study is to consider the following points in patients with hypertension who complicated by metabolic syndrome for Valsartan basis treatment and an existing, standard tr...
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
A group of disorders caused by defective salt reabsorption in the ascending LOOP OF HENLE. It is characterized by severe salt-wasting, HYPOKALEMIA; HYPERCALCIURIA; metabolic ALKALOSIS, and hyper-reninemic HYPERALDOSTERONISM without HYPERTENSION. There are several subtypes including ones due to mutations in the renal specific SODIUM-POTASSIUM-CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS.
Nonsteroidal agents which block the action or downregulate the synthesis of ANDROGENS.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...