An Institutionmal Ethnography of Nurses' Stress.
Summary of "An Institutionmal Ethnography of Nurses' Stress."
There are three main conceptualizations of nurses' stress: occupational stress, moral distress, and traumatization (compassion fatigue, secondary traumatic stress, vicarious trauma). Although we have learned a great deal from these fields, some of them lack important contextual aspects of nurses' practice, such as the gendered nature of the workforce and the nature of the work, including bodily caring. The purpose of this study was to reformulate the nature of stress in nursing, with attention to important contextual aspects of nurses' practice. Smith's sociological frame of institutional ethnography was used to explicate the social organization of nurses' stress. Data collection methods included in-depth interviews, participant observation, and focus groups with pediatric intensive care nurses. Data analysis focused on the social organization of nurses' stress, including negotiating power-based hierarchies and articulating the patient to the system. The article concludes with recommendations for addressing nurses' stress through a more critical and contextual analysis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Qualitative health research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20643823
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049732310375435
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute
A class of traumatic stress disorders that is characterized by the significant dissociative states seen immediately after overwhelming trauma. By definition it cannot last longer than 1 month, if it persists, a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (STRESS DISORDERS, POST-TRAUMATIC) is more appropriate.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
Nurses of the male sex.
The diagnosis and treatment of human responses of individuals and groups to actual or potential health problems with the characteristics of altered functional ability and altered life-style. (American Nurses Association & Association of Rehabilitation Nurses. Standards of Rehabilitation Nursing Practice, 1986, p.2)
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
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