Communication Deviance in parents of families with adoptees at a high or low risk of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and its associations with attributes of the adoptee and the adoptive parents.
Summary of "Communication Deviance in parents of families with adoptees at a high or low risk of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and its associations with attributes of the adoptee and the adoptive parents."
Communication Deviance (CD) in rearing parents is a known indicator of a psychopathology risk in the offspring, but the direction of the effects of these two factors on each other has remained an unresolved question. The purpose of the present study was to clarify this issue by assessing the relationship of CD in adoptive parents with certain attributes of the adoptee and adoptive parents themselves. The subjects were 109 adoptees at a high or low risk of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and their adoptive parents. Communication Deviance was measured in individual, spouse and family Rorschach situations. Thought disorders in the adoptees were assessed using the Thought Disorder Index. The variability of CD in the adoptive parents in individual Rorschach situations was not significantly explained by any characteristics of the child. The variability in parental CD in family Rorschach situations was most closely associated with the characteristics of the parents themselves. The results strongly support the hypotheses that the frequency of Communication Deviance is an enduring trait rather than a fluctuating state and that frequent CD in parent's speech may impair the growing child's cognitive development and predispose him/her to schizophrenia-spectrum disorders.
Oulu University Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, BOX 26, FIN-90029 OYS, Finland.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychiatry research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20537719
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2010.04.018
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Risk Reduction Behavior
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
An organization of insurers or reinsurers through which particular types of risk are shared or pooled. The risk of high loss by a particular insurance company is transferred to the group as a whole (the insurance pool) with premiums, losses, and expenses shared in agreed amounts.
Child Of Impaired Parents
Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.
Background: Excess mortality is widely reported among schizophrenia patients, but rarely examined in adoption study settings. Aim: We investigated whether genetic background plays a role in the premat...
Abstract Background and aims. The incidence of celiac disease (CD) shows large, worldwide variation. However, whether its causes are environmental (gluten-containing diet) or genetic (specific haploty...
OBJECTIVES: This study set out to identify risk factors affecting parents with intellectual disabilities (IDs) by determining: (i) whether perception of family support differs between parents with IDs...
To summarize the advantages and limitations of general population, high-risk and "natural experiment" longitudinal studies for studying psychological change. The English and Romanian Adoptees study is...
The objective of this study was to explore parents' communication about risk with siblings of children affected by an inherited genetic condition, and to ascertain what level of support, if any, is re...
There are two goals of this research study. First, we hope to develop a plan to guide family discussions that can help parents diagnosed with lung cancer talk about cancer risk with their...
RATIONALE: Studying individuals and families at high risk for melanoma may help to identify other persons at risk and the genes involved in the development of melanoma. PURPOSE: Study to...
RATIONALE: Studying individuals and families at high risk for cancer may help to identify other persons at risk and identify cancer genes. PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying genetic...
This study is developing and testing an innovative, parent education intervention, Preparing Our Sons and Daughters for Healthy Futures. This intervention aims to reduce HIV risk among Af...
RATIONALE: Studying individuals and families at high risk for breast or ovarian cancer may help in identifying the genes involved in the development of breast and ovarian cancer and help t...