Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of displaced supracondylar fractures of humerus in children with delayed presentation.
Summary of "Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of displaced supracondylar fractures of humerus in children with delayed presentation."
Objective: Supracondylar fractures of the humerus account for 60% of all the fractures around the pediatric elbow and even in developed countries 18% of patients undergo surgery 48 hours or longer following presentation in the hospital. Management guidelines are not clear yet for these patients who present late. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the clinical, radiological and functional outcome following closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of widely displaced supracondylar fractures of the humerus presenting 12 hours or more after injury. Methods: We reviewed the functional and radiological results of closed reduction and percutaneous pinning using crossed K-wires in 40 patients with displaced extension type supracondylar fracture of the humerus (Gartland type III) with a delay of more than 12 hours in presentation. The average age of patients was 4.5 years and the mean delay in presentation was 17.55 hours. Results: Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning was successful in 90% of patients. The mean follow up period was 15 months. The Baumann's angle was restored within 4 degrees of the unaffected side in all patients. Use of a small medial incision in patients with severe swelling helped us avoid ulnar nerve injury. Using Flynn's criteria, 38 patients (95%) had an excellent result. Two patients had mild myositis and both had a poor result. None of the patients developed cubitus varus. Conclusion: Closed reduction and crossed pinning of displaced supracondylar fractures of humerus in children is a safe and effective method even with delayed presentation.
Department of Orthopedics, Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Jalandhar, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi / Chinese Medical Association
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Percutaneous excision of a herniated or displaced intervertebral disk by posterolateral approach, always remaining outside the spinal canal. Percutaneous nucleotomy was first described by Hijikata in Japan in 1975. In 1985 Onik introduced automated percutaneous nucleotomy which consists in percutaneous aspiration of the nucleus pulposus. It is carried out under local anesthesia, thus reducing the surgical insult and requiring brief hospitalization, often performed on an outpatient basis. It appears to be a well-tolerated alternative to surgical diskectomy and chymopapain nucleolysis.
Fractures of the proximal humerus, including the head, anatomic and surgical necks, and tuberosities.
Fractures in which the break in bone is not accompanied by an external wound.
Femoral Neck Fractures
Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.
Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
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