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Familial hypomagnesemia and hypercalciuria with nephrocalcinosis is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by renal calcium and magnesium wasting, evolving in the progressive decrease of renal function, eventually requiring kidney transplant. Clinical findings include urinary infection, polyuria, polydipsia, cramps, tremors, convulsions, among others; these, asociated to ocular and/or auditive abnormalities. We present a 4 year-old female with the syndrome, which was manifested by typical signs and symptoms in daily practice: fever, abdominal pain, polyuria and polydipsia. These symptoms may defer the diagnosis of the syndrome.
Servicio de Clínica Pediátrica, Hospital General de Niños Pedro de Elizalde.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archivos argentinos de pediatria
Neurological manifestations are unusual in dengue fever and can be due to neurotropic effect, systemic complications of dengue infection, or immune mediated. Acute hypokalemic paralysis is a rare syst...
The aim of the present study was to analyse the effects of combined treatment with calcitriol and phosphate, to find out the incidence of the nephrocalcinosis, and to elucidate the risk factor of neph...
Familial hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia is a genetic disorder of magnesium metabolism that presents with refractory seizures in infancy.
Magnesium is an important electrolyte for very many cell functions and its deficiency may lead to a wide spectrum of diseases. We report a clinical case of hypomagnesemia resulting from the chronic us...
Familial hypomagnesaemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC) is an autosomal-recessive renal tubular disorder characterized by excessive urinary losses of magnesium and calcium, bilateral...
Preterm infants are at risk to develop nephrocalcinosis. Incidence numbers vary according to birth weight and gestation age. Very low birth weight infants have the highest risk index, with...
RATIONALE: Screening for early pancreatic neoplasia may improve the ability to detect cancer in people who have a genetic risk for pancreatic cancer. PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the e...
Clinical Case report Of spontaneous esophageal perforation in a 75 year old man. He prsented with breathlessness and on investigation found to have esophageal perforation
Infants with congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) and 2:1 atrioventricular block (AVB) have been recognized as a clinical subset of children with LQTS. The purpose of this study is to descr...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether chenodeoxycholic acid decreases de novo hepatic lipogenesis, hepatic fat content, hepatic triglyceride production and plasma triglyceride ...
An inherited renal disorder characterized by defective NaCl reabsorption in the convoluted DISTAL KIDNEY TUBULE leading to HYPOKALEMIA. In contrast with BARTTER SYNDROME, Gitelman syndrome includes hypomagnesemia and normocalcemic hypocalciuria, and is caused by mutations in the thiazide-sensitive SODIUM-POTASSIUM-CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS.
X-linked recessive NEPHROLITHIASIS characterized by HYPERCALCIURIA; HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA; NEPHROCALCINOSIS; and PROTEINURIA. It is associated with mutations in the voltage-gated chloride channel, CLC-5 (Dent Disease I). Another group of mutations associated with this disease is in phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate-5-phosphatase gene.
A condition characterized by calcification of the renal tissue itself. It is usually seen in distal RENAL TUBULAR ACIDOSIS with calcium deposition in the DISTAL KIDNEY TUBULES and the surrounding interstitium. Nephrocalcinosis causes RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
A hereditary or acquired form of generalized dysfunction of the PROXIMAL KIDNEY TUBULE without primary involvement of the KIDNEY GLOMERULUS. It is usually characterized by the tubular wasting of nutrients and salts (GLUCOSE; AMINO ACIDS; PHOSPHATES; and BICARBONATES) resulting in HYPOKALEMIA; ACIDOSIS; HYPERCALCIURIA; and PROTEINURIA.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...