Perioperative pharmacology: pharmacotherapeutics, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics.
Summary of "Perioperative pharmacology: pharmacotherapeutics, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics."
Results of current research into perioperative medication errors have revealed that more than half of medication errors occur during the administration phase of the medication-use process. The administration phase is the point at which the medication and the patient intersect and the medication imposes its pharmacological effect. During this phase, the only safety net between the patient and the medication is the health care provider's attention and care when administering the medication. To help mitigate these errors, perioperative nurses must understand pharmacotherapeutics: the use of medications to prevent, treat, cure, or alleviate symptoms of disease. Pharmacotherapeutics incorporates pharmacokinetics (ie, what the body does to a medication after it enters the system) and pharmacodynamics (ie, how a medication acts on the body to achieve a desired therapeutic effect).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AORN journal
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21281769
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2010.08.024
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The branch of pharmacology that deals directly with the effectiveness and safety of drugs in humans.
The time periods immediately before, during and following a surgical operation.
Nursing care of the surgical patient before, during, and after surgery.
Interventions to provide care prior to, during, and immediately after surgery.
Agents that aid or increase the action of the principle drug (DRUG SYNERGISM) or that affect the absorption, mechanism of action, metabolism, or excretion of the primary drug (PHARMACOKINETICS) in such a way as to enhance its effects.
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