Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction of the knee.
Summary of "Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction of the knee."
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries affect more than 175,000 patients annually. Located in the center of the knee joint, the ACL is the major stabilizing ligament of the knee. If the ACL is injured, then the knee becomes unstable and can buckle when the person pivots. Surgeons can use autograft or allograft tissue to accomplish ACL reconstruction by using a single-bundle or double-bundle type of repair. The surgeon performs the reconstruction arthroscopically, using two ports and a small incision over the anteromedial surface of the tibia to facilitate passage of the graft and for distal fixation of the graft. Correct placement of the tibial and femoral tunnels is the most important technical aspect of the procedure. After reconstruction, the patient must undergo intense physical therapy starting one or two days after surgery. If diligent with physical therapy, then the patient can return to full activity as soon as four months after surgery.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AORN journal
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21281765
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2010.08.021
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the anterolateral surface of the medial condyle of the femur, passes posteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia.
Bone-patellar Tendon-bone Graft
Fixation of the ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT, during surgical reconstruction, by the use of a bone- patellar tendon autograft.
Lateral Ligament, Ankle
There are two lateral ligaments of the ankle - internal and external. The internal lateral ligament is attached to the apex and anterior and posterior bodies of the inner malleolus and inserted into the navicular bone, the inferior calcaneo-navicular ligament, the sustentaculum tali of the os calcis, and the inner side of the astragalus. The external lateral ligament, also called the lateral collateral ligament, consists of three distinct fasciculi - the calcaneofibular, the anterior talofibular, and the posterior talofibular.
Measurements of joint flexibility (RANGE OF MOTION, ARTICULAR), usually by employing an angle-measuring device (arthrometer). Arthrometry is used to measure ligamentous laxity and stability. It is often used to evaluate the outcome of ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT replacement surgery.
PURPOSE: Conventional transtibial technique fails to restore the rotational knee stability in spite of successful anterior laxity, while anatomic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the an...
Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament is a well-known entity and causes anteroposterior and rotational instability of an injured knee. Rupture of the medial patellofemoral ligament is less frequen...
PURPOSE: Patients presenting anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency and isolated osteoarthritis of the medial compartment are treated either with biplanar osteotomy or with total knee arthroplast...
PURPOSE: To assess the ability of anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in eliminating the pivot-shift phenomenon when identified by a quantitative mea...
BACKGROUND: Infection after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a rare and potentially devastating complication. No normative data have been reported for knee aspiration after anterior crucia...
The purpose of the study is to determine if there is difference in immediate postoperative pain levels (48 hours) between patients who wear a knee immobilizer splint compared to patients w...
Patients suffering from a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with instability of the knee joint are treated with an operative ACL-reconstruction: one group of patients with a...
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of four strong ligaments connecting the bones of the knee joint. If overstretched, the ACL can tear. Reconstruction of a torn ACL is now a commo...
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is an important stabilizer of the knee. Orthopedic surgeons replace the torn ligament during ACL reconstruction surgery. Surgical trauma initiates an a...
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is surgery that is done to repair a damaged ligament in the knee. In this study we will look at whether the femoral nerve block, a commonly...