Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) is used for patients with schizophrenia although no validation is available. This work addresses this issue by dealing with its psychometric properties in a clinical sample of patients with schizophrenia.
Two hundred forty-one patients from 10 Adult Mental Health Care Centers (AMHCC) meeting the following inclusion criteria were included: (1) International Classification of Diseases-10 or ICD-10 diagnosis of schizophrenia, (2) Global Assessment of Functioning scores or GAF ≤ 50, 3) Illness duration of more than 2 years and (4) Clinical stability at assessment time. Patients were evaluated at baseline and at one-year follow-up regarding quality of life (QOL), clinical variables and other psychosocial measures.
Internal consistency was excellent for the total WHOQOL-BREF (0.88 at baseline and 0.89 at follow-up) and adequate (0.65-0.78 at baseline; 0.66-0.79 at one-year follow-up) for the WHOQOL-BREF domains. Correlations between WHOQOL-BREF scores and those of global functioning, psychiatric symptoms, disability and social support ranged between small and large. There were significant differences between groups of patients with schizophrenia in the WHOQOL-BREF. Patients who were anxious, disabled, lacked social support and used more social services scored significantly lower in some or all WHOQOL-BREF domains. Changes in WHOQOL-BREF scores were positively associated with changes over time in global functioning, social support and use of health services, and negatively with psychiatric symptoms and disability (correlation coefficients between small and moderate). After one-year follow-up, patients improved in overall functioning and there was a decrease in psychiatric symptoms.
This study shows that the WHOQOL-BREF has good reliability and validity, and suggests that it is suitable for the assessment of QOL in patients with schizophrenia.
Department of Research, Centre d'Higiene Mental Les Corts, c/Numància 103-105 baixos, 08029, Barcelona, Spain, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
To investigate the weight loss effects with higher sensitivity, disease specific quality of life (QoL) instruments were important. The Moorehead-Ardelt quality of life questionnaire II (MA-II) is wide...
The EQ-5D is a health-related quality of life instrument which provides a simple descriptive health profile and a single index value for health status. The latest version, the EQ-5D-5L, has been trans...
Background. Disability caused by migraine may be one of the main causes of burden contributing to poor quality of life (QOL) among migraine patients. Thus, this study aimed to measure QOL among migrai...
We present data on well-being and quality of life in the world, including material quality of life such as not going hungry, physical health quality of life such as longevity, social quality of life s...
Quality of Nursing Work Life (QNWL) serves as a predictor of a nurse's intent to leave and hospital nurse turnover. However, QNWL measurement tools that have been validated for use in China are lackin...
The main purpose of this study is to determine the measurement characteristics of WHODAS-II (World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II), as well as to analyze its correla...
The main purpose of this study is to determine the measurement characteristics of WHODAS II (World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule), as well as to analyze its correlatio...
The main purpose of this study is to determine the measurement characteristics of WHODAS-II (World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule), as well as to analyze its correlatio...
The aim of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer High-dose Chemotherapy module (EOR...
In the majority of patients with the chronic urticaria, the etiology is unclear, leading to difficulties in treatment and high rates of recurrence. According to the International EAACI/GA2...
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
Drugs considered essential to meet the health needs of a population as well as to control drug costs. (World Health Organization Action Programme on Essential Drugs, 1994, p3)
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...
the two version of WHOQOLthe two version of WHOQOLworldhealthorg.on quality of lifetimeworld health organisation QOL questionnaireworld health organisation pain questionnairequality of life world health organizationquality of life world health organizationWHO Quality of Life Scale-Briefwhoqol-brefworld health organization quality of lifeworld health organization improvement scaleWHOQOLBREF copyWorld Health Organization Quality of Life ScaleWorld Health organization scaleworld health organization quality of life measure