Female population perception of conventional laparoscopy, transumbilical LESS, and transvaginal NOTES for cholecystectomy.
Summary of "Female population perception of conventional laparoscopy, transumbilical LESS, and transvaginal NOTES for cholecystectomy."
Recent population survey has shown a preference for transumbilical laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (U-LESS) compared with natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) for cholecystectomy, assuming similar surgical risk. This study was designed to evaluate the perception and preference of women regarding conventional laparoscopy, U-LESS, and transvaginal NOTES (TV-NOTES) with particular interest to access perception.
An anonymous questionnaire on laparoscopic, U-LESS, and TV-NOTES cholecystectomy, without regards to risks or advantages, was given to female medical/paramedical staff (n = 100), patients (n = 100), and the general population (n = 100). Women participants (median age, 35 (range, 16-79) years) were queried about preference, perception of the different accesses, and personal informations. Of the respondents, 54% had children, 79% had stable relationships, and 96% were sexually active (vaginal intercourse).
With similar operative risk, 87% preferred U-LESS, 4% TV-NOTES and 8% laparoscopy. LESS/NOTES choice was influenced by a desire of improved cosmetics (82%) and lower pain (44%). 96% had worries regarding transvaginal access, among them: dyspareunia (68%), decreased sensibility during intercourse (43%), refuse of short-term sexual abstinence (40%), and infertility (23%). Transumbilical access evocated worries in 35%: umbilical pain (19%), postoperative umbilical sensibility (15%), and incisional hernia (11%). Postoperative intercourse abstinence after TV-NOTES evocated worries in 76% (defined as 3 weeks in survey): feel less attractive (40%), less feminine (32%), tension with their intimate (35%), lover non-acceptation (20%), possible abortion of new relationship (26%), and feel less comfortable socially (16%).
The high acceptation rate for U-LESS approach compared with TV-NOTES may be related to fears regarding postoperative sexuality and fertility. The importance of temporary postoperative sexual abstinence (vaginal intercourse) is high and may be difficult to influence. Future research on TV-NOTES should focus on the access risk to be able to scientifically reassure our patients. For now, U-LESS seems to be favor compared with TV-NOTES for cholecystectomy in female patients.
Department of Surgery, University Hospital Geneva, 24 rue Micheli-du-Crest, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Surgical endoscopy
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21301884
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-010-1554-4
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.
Perception of three-dimensionality.
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Tumor or cancer of the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
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