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The corn smut fungus, Ustilago maydis, is a global pathogen responsible for extensive agricultural losses. Control of corn smut using traditional breeding has met with limited success because natural resistance to U. maydis is organ specific and involves numerous maize genes. Here, we present a transgenic approach by constitutively expressing the Totivirus antifungal protein KP4, in maize. Transgenic maize plants expressed high levels of KP4 with no apparent negative impact on plant development and displayed robust resistance to U. maydis challenges to both the stem and ear tissues in the greenhouse. More broadly, these results demonstrate that a high level of organ independent fungal resistance can be afforded by transgenic expression of this family of antifungal proteins.
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, Saint Louis, MO, USA Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plant biotechnology journal
Maize (Zea mays L.) is the most important cereal crop in the world. However, soil salinity has become a major problem affecting plant productivity due to arable field degradation. Thus, transgenic mai...
We have shown previously that the durum wheat TdSOS1 excludes Na(+) and Li(+) ions outside cells. Moreover, this protein is activated by Arabidopsis kinase SOS2 through phosphorylation. The eliminatio...
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Transgenic pea lines transformed with the cry1Ac gene were characterized at molecular (PCR, RT-PCR, qRT-PCR and immunostrip assay) and functional levels (leaf paint and insect feeding bioassays). The ...
In plants, the CBL-CIPK signaling pathways play key roles in the response to abiotic stresses. However, functional studies of CIPKs in the important staple crop wheat are very rare. In this study, we ...
The purpose of this randomized control trial is to test the impact of provitamin A carotenoid biofortified maize meal consumption on maternal and infant vitamin A status.
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety of repeated doses of cholesterol-bearing hydrophobized pullulan (CHP) and NY-ESO-1 protein (CHP-NY-ESO-1) and describe the NY-ESO-1 speci...
The purpose of this study is to determine how well the body absorbs the carotenoid beta-cryptoxanthin (BCX) from a type of corn that has been naturally bred (not genetically engineered) to...
In this trial HLA-A2+ patients with WT1 expressing carcinomas are vaccinated with a peptide from the leukemia associated antigen WT1 together with immunological adjuvants KLH as T-helper p...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of a dietary fiber, resistant starch, on insulin sensitivity. Low insulin sensitivity is a risk factor for some diseases including ty...
Vaccines or candidate vaccines derived from edible plants. Transgenic plants (PLANTS, TRANSGENIC) are used as recombinant protein production systems and the edible plant tissue functions as an oral vaccine.
Recombinant antibodies produced in TRANSGENIC PLANTS. The plants serve as BIOREACTORS to produce the antibodies for medical use or industrial processes.
Antifungal metabolite from several fungi, mainly Trichoderma viride; inhibits protein synthesis by binding to ribosomes; proposed as antifungal and antineoplastic; used as tool in cellular biochemistry.
A seven-membered aromatic ring compound. It is structurally related to a number of naturally occurring antifungal compounds (ANTIFUNGAL AGENTS).
A superfamily of proteins that share a highly conserved MADS domain sequence motif. The term MADS refers to the first four members which were MCM1 PROTEIN; AGAMOUS 1 PROTEIN; DEFICIENS PROTEIN; and SERUM RESPONSE FACTOR. Many MADS domain proteins have been found in species from all eukaryotic kingdoms. They play an important role in development, especially in plants where they have an important role in flower development.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...