High frequency of inadequate test requests for antiphospholipid antibodies in daily clinical practice.
Summary of "High frequency of inadequate test requests for antiphospholipid antibodies in daily clinical practice."
Abstract Background: We have empirically noted that many physicians routinely request anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) without a correct clinical indication. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively whether aPL testing at our Thrombosis Centre was justified. Methods: Medical records from 520 subjects for aPL screening tests for various clinical conditions were reviewed. The aPL screening tests were: lupus anticoagulant (LA), anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and anti-β(2) glycoptotein I (aβ(2) GPI). Requests for aPL screening were divided into justified, potentially justified or not adequately justified. Results: aPL testing requests were considered justified in 358 (69%) patients, potentially justified in 66 (12.6%) and not adequately justified in 96 (18.4%). LA was positive in 65 (18%) of justified requests and in only one (1%) of the 96 potentially justified requests. None of the 66 not adequately justified for aPL testing was positive for LA. aβ(2) GPI was positive in 63 (17.6%) of the 358 justified, in four (6%) of the 66 potentially justified and in five (5.2%) of the 96 not adequately justified requests; aCL IgG were positive in 59 (16.4%) of the 358 justified and in five (7.5%) and six (6.2%) of the potentially justified and not adequately justified requests, respectively. The presence of the triple aPL positivity was found exclusively in the justified requests. Conclusions: This study suggests that requests for aPL tests should be addressed more adequately. This work could be an example of how to focus attention on requests for laboratory tests especially on the basis of valid clinical criteria before the analyte is measured.
Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche Internistiche "M. Aresu" and Azienda Mista Ospedaliero-Universitaria, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine : CCLM / FESCC
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21303298
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/CCLM.2011.111
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids (ANTIBODIES, ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID). The condition is associated with a variety of diseases, notably systemic lupus erythematosus and other connective tissue diseases, thrombopenia, and arterial or venous thromboses. In pregnancy it can cause abortion. Of the phospholipids, the cardiolipins show markedly elevated levels of anticardiolipin antibodies (ANTIBODIES, ANTICARDIOLIPIN). Present also are high levels of lupus anticoagulant (LUPUS COAGULATION INHIBITOR).
Antiphospholipid antibodies found in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; and in a variety of other diseases as well as in healthy individuals. The antibodies are detected by solid-phase IMMUNOASSAY employing the purified phospholipid antigen CARDIOLIPIN.
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Autoantibodies directed against phospholipids. These antibodies are characteristically found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; related autoimmune diseases, some non-autoimmune diseases, and also in healthy individuals.
Hemagglutination test in which Coombs' reagent (antiglobulin, or anti-human globulin rabbit immune serum) is added to detect incomplete (non-agglutinating, univalent, blocking) antibodies coating erythrocytes. The direct test is applied to red cells which have been coated with antibody in vivo (e.g., in hemolytic disease of newborn, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and transfusion reactions). The indirect test is applied to serum to detect the presence of antibody (e.g., in detection of incompatibility in cross-matching tests, detection and identification of irregular antibodies, and in detection of antibodies not identifiable by other means).
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