Differential expression of monocyte/macrophage- selective markers in human idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Summary of "Differential expression of monocyte/macrophage- selective markers in human idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis."
ABSTRACT Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias are a group of idiopathic interstitial lung diseases of which idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the lesion of usual interstitial pneumonia. Although the pathogenic mechanisms remain incompletely understood, disease-specific changes in blood, a readily accessible biospecimen, have not been fully characterized. To identify biomarkers from blood and sera, the immune status of IPF patients and control subjects without structural lung disease was quantified by measuring cell surface markers, mRNA levels, and serum proteins. Statistically significant differences in cellular and molecular markers were observed between the 2 groups. The cytokine receptor IL-17RB was significantly higher in CD14+ peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from IPF patients, whereas expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 was lower. Gene expression analyses identified 18 differentially expressed genes out of 195 selected. Of these, EMR1, CCR3, UPAR, FCGR2A, OPN, CEACAM3, CD16a, CD18, CD11b, LTF, and LCN2 were up-regulated, whereas IL-17RB, IL-10, PDGFA, CD301/Clec10a, CD25/IL-2RA, IL-23p19, and IL-15 were down-regulated in IPF. Differentially regulated genes were in the functional areas of inflammation and cell signaling. Serum levels of UPAR and OPN were higher in IPF. These observations reveal significant differences in cell and molecular markers involved in monocyte/macrophage activation and migration, and suggest a role for IL-17RB in IPF.
1Schering-Plough Biopharma, Palo Alto, California, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Experimental lung research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21309737
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01902148.2010.538132
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Macrophage Colony-stimulating Factor
A mononuclear phagocyte colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) synthesized by mesenchymal cells. The compound stimulates the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of hematopoietic cells of the monocyte-macrophage series. M-CSF is a disulfide-bonded glycoprotein dimer with a MW of 70 kDa. It binds to a specific high affinity receptor (RECEPTOR, MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR).
A human cell line established from a diffuse histiocytic lymphoma (HISTIOCYTIC LYMPHOMA, DIFFUSE) and displaying many monocytic characteristics. It serves as an in vitro model for MONOCYTE and MACROPHAGE differentiation.
Antibody-dependent Cell Cytotoxicity
The phenomenon of antibody-mediated target cell destruction by non-sensitized effector cells. The identity of the target cell varies, but it must possess surface IMMUNOGLOBULIN G whose Fc portion is intact. The effector cell is a "killer" cell possessing Fc receptors. It may be a lymphocyte lacking conventional B- or T-cell markers, or a monocyte, macrophage, or polynuclear leukocyte, depending on the identity of the target cell. The reaction is complement-independent.
Granulocyte-macrophage Progenitor Cells
The parent cells that give rise to both cells of the GRANULOCYTE lineage and cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage.
Monocyte-macrophage Precursor Cells
Parent cells in the lineage that gives rise to MONOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.
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