A practical clinical method to quantify language lateralization in fMRI using whole-brain analysis.
Summary of "A practical clinical method to quantify language lateralization in fMRI using whole-brain analysis."
Surgery is often the only effective treatment for intractable epilepsy, but its benefits must be balanced by potential disruption of eloquent cortical functions. Wada test is the standard technique to lateralize language before surgery; however, it is invasive and associated with complications. fMRI provides an attractive noninvasive alternative, which has been previously shown to correlate with Wada results. However this correlation is imperfect since standard fMRI laterality indices are dependent on a particular arbitrary statistical threshold used in the data processing. We report a novel automated, threshold-independent fMRI methodology to assess language lateralization, which we hypothesize provides a robust and unbiased pre-operative assessment. This hemispheric histogram analysis method can accurately interrogate language lateralization, as validated against the Wada test. Fifty-nine subjects with intractable epilepsy received preoperative evaluation for language lateralization using fMRI. fMRI data then were analyzed using a novel automated threshold-independent method for determining language lateralization. The methodology generated a lateralization score based on hemispheric activation of language areas and a quality index based on multiple factors, including patient motion and signal-to-noise characteristics. Lateralization scores were compared to Wada test results (51 patients), direct cortical stimulation (3 patients), and subdural grid stimulation (5 patients). Data sets were used to generate a probability score for language lateralization for each subject. The lateralization scores correlated well with the objective measures of language lateralization (r(2)=0.46). Cumulative historical data were utilized to prospectively determine probabilities of language lateralization for individual patients. In conclusion, hemispheric language lateralization can be accurately determined using a novel objective and automated methodology that calculates language lateralization in a threshold-independent manner and can be used to determine the probability of language dominance in individual patients.
Division of Neuroradiology, Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Joness19@ccf.org
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20974262
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.10.052
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
A method of ETHICAL ANALYSIS that emphasizes practical problem solving through examining individual cases that are considered to be representative; sometimes used to denote specious argument or rationalization. Differentiate from casuistics, which is the recording and study of cases and disease.
A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.
Rehabilitation of persons with language disorders or training of children with language development disorders.
A major orthodox system of Hindu philosophy based on Sankhya (metaphysical dualism) but differing from it in being theistic and characterized by the teaching of raja-yoga as a practical method of liberating the self. It includes a system of exercises for attaining bodily or mental control and well-being with liberation of the self and union with the universal spirit. (From Webster, 3d ed)
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