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Synovial effusion and synovial fluid biomarkers in psoriatic arthritis to assess intraarticular tumor necrosis factor-alpha blockade in the knee joint.

Summary of "Synovial effusion and synovial fluid biomarkers in psoriatic arthritis to assess intraarticular tumor necrosis factor-alpha blockade in the knee joint."


ABSTRACT:

INTRODUCTION:
Evaluation of synovial effusion (SE), synovial fluid (SF) and synovial tissue (ST) biomarkers in relation to disease activity indexes to assess the response to intraarticular (IA) tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha blockers in psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
METHODS:
Systemic and local disease activity indexes (disease activity score [DAS]; the Ritchie articular index [mRAI], erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP); Thompson articular [THOMP] and joint articular [KJAI]-Index ) and ST samples were assessed at baseline, throughout treatment, and during the follow-up in 14 patients affected with PsA who underwent IA injections (0.5 ml - 12.5 mg) in the knee joint of etanercept (E) or placebo (P) once every two weeks for a ten week period. Total SF white blood cell (WBC) counts (WBC/ mul) and SF cytokine/chemokine (CK/CCK) levels were measured before IA-E at baseline, after IA-E, and as long as there were adequate amounts of SF for knee aspiration (post). Characterization of synovial mononuclear cell infiltration and synovial vessels was carried out in 8/14 knees by staining serial sections of synovial tissue biopsies for CD45, CD3, CD68, CD31 and CD105.
RESULTS:
At baseline, CRP and/or ESR were significantly correlated with SF-CK (IL-1beta, IL-1Ra, IL-6, IL-8) and CCK (CCL2, CCL3 and CCL4). Post-IA injections, there was a decrease in SE in the knees in which aspiration following IA-E injection was possible as well as a significant reduction in SF WBC/mul and in SF-CK (TNF-alpha, IL- 1beta, IL-1Ra, IL-6 and IL-22). Pre- and post- IA-E injections, there were significant correlations between ST markers and SF-CK (IL-1beta with CD45; IL-1beta and IL-6 with CD31) and between SF-CCK (CCL4 and CCL3 with CD3). At the end of the study, there was a significant reduction in disease activity indexes (CRP, DAS, RAI, THOMP, KJAI) as well as in the ST markers (CD45; CD3).
CONCLUSIONS:
Synovial effusion regression is a reliable indicator of the response to IA TNF-alpha blockers in PsA patients as it is confirmed by the correlation between SF biomarkers to disease activity and synovial tissue inflammation.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Arthritis research & therapy
ISSN: 1478-6362
Pages: R148

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