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Evaluation of synovial effusion (SE), synovial fluid (SF) and synovial tissue (ST) biomarkers in relation to disease activity indexes to assess the response to intraarticular (IA) tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha blockers in psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
Systemic and local disease activity indexes (disease activity score [DAS]; the Ritchie articular index [mRAI], erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP); Thompson articular [THOMP] and joint articular [KJAI]-Index ) and ST samples were assessed at baseline, throughout treatment, and during the follow-up in 14 patients affected with PsA who underwent IA injections (0.5 ml - 12.5 mg) in the knee joint of etanercept (E) or placebo (P) once every two weeks for a ten week period. Total SF white blood cell (WBC) counts (WBC/ mul) and SF cytokine/chemokine (CK/CCK) levels were measured before IA-E at baseline, after IA-E, and as long as there were adequate amounts of SF for knee aspiration (post). Characterization of synovial mononuclear cell infiltration and synovial vessels was carried out in 8/14 knees by staining serial sections of synovial tissue biopsies for CD45, CD3, CD68, CD31 and CD105.
At baseline, CRP and/or ESR were significantly correlated with SF-CK (IL-1beta, IL-1Ra, IL-6, IL-8) and CCK (CCL2, CCL3 and CCL4). Post-IA injections, there was a decrease in SE in the knees in which aspiration following IA-E injection was possible as well as a significant reduction in SF WBC/mul and in SF-CK (TNF-alpha, IL- 1beta, IL-1Ra, IL-6 and IL-22). Pre- and post- IA-E injections, there were significant correlations between ST markers and SF-CK (IL-1beta with CD45; IL-1beta and IL-6 with CD31) and between SF-CCK (CCL4 and CCL3 with CD3). At the end of the study, there was a significant reduction in disease activity indexes (CRP, DAS, RAI, THOMP, KJAI) as well as in the ST markers (CD45; CD3).
Synovial effusion regression is a reliable indicator of the response to IA TNF-alpha blockers in PsA patients as it is confirmed by the correlation between SF biomarkers to disease activity and synovial tissue inflammation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Arthritis research & therapy
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