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STUDY DESIGN.: Case report and review of the literature. OBJECTIVE.: To describe a case of multiple supra- and infratentorial hemorrhages after spinal surgery presenting with seizure. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Cerebrospinal fluid overdrainage is a well-documented factor associated with remote cerebellar hemorrhage, but supratentorial hemorrhages after spinal surgery have been reported rarely. METHODS.: A 64-year-old woman underwent a sacral laminectomy for recurrent chordoma. A negative pressure wound drain was left in after surgery and drained 1300 mL in the first 48 hours. On the fourth postoperative day, the patient presented with tonic-clonic seizures. RESULTS.: Diagnostic imaging showed multiple supra- and infratentorial intraparenchymal hemorrhages and a massive sacral cerebrospinal fluid leak. The patient underwent emergent surgery for a primary repair of the presumed dural defect. CONCLUSION.: Patients who present with severe positional headache, altered mental status, or tonic-clonic seizures after undergoing intradural spinal procedures involving massive cerebrospinal fluid loss may be suffering from multiple supra- and infratentorial intracranial hemorrhages.
From the Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City.
This article was published in the following journal.
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Conditions characterized by recurrent paroxysmal neuronal discharges which arise from a focal region of the brain. Partial seizures are divided into simple and complex, depending on whether consciousness is unaltered (simple partial seizure) or disturbed (complex partial seizure). Both types may feature a wide variety of motor, sensory, and autonomic symptoms. Partial seizures may be classified by associated clinical features or anatomic location of the seizure focus. A secondary generalized seizure refers to a partial seizure that spreads to involve the brain diffusely. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp317)
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
Vaccines using supra-molecular structures composed of multiple copies of recombinantly expressed viral structural proteins. They are often antigentically indistinguishable from the virus from which they were derived.
A heterogeneous group of immunocompetent cells that mediate the cellular immune response by processing and presenting antigens to the T-cells. Traditional antigen-presenting cells include MACROPHAGES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and B-LYMPHOCYTES. FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS are not traditional antigen-presenting cells, but because they hold antigen on their cell surface in the form of IMMUNE COMPLEXES for B-cell recognition they are considered so by some authors.
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