Knockdown of HBV surface antigen gene expression by a lentiviral microRNA-based system inhibits HBV replication and HCC growth.
Summary of "Knockdown of HBV surface antigen gene expression by a lentiviral microRNA-based system inhibits HBV replication and HCC growth."
summary. Current options for the treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections, a common liver cancer risk factor, are limited. While RNA interference (RNAi) technologies have been shown to inhibit HBV replication, the consequent effects on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell growth are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of RNAi-mediated decrease in the HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) gene on HBV replication and HCC growth. A lentiviral microRNA-based system expressing siRNAs targeting the HBsAg gene (LVshHBS) was developed and transfected into HepG2.2.15 cells (HBV stably expressing line). We found that LVshHBS significantly inhibited the HBsAg mRNA and protein levels in the HepG2.2.15 cells, while HBsAg secretion into the culture supernatant decreased by 70%. BALB/c (nu/nu) mice were injected with HepG2.2.15 cells transduced with LVshHBS or control vectors to investigate the effect of inhibiting the HBsAg on the development of tumour growth in a human HCC nude mice model. Compared with the control, the tumour growth in nude mice was significantly decreased after injection with LVshHBS. Microarray analysis of tumour-related genes in LVshHBS-transduced HepG2.2.15 cells showed that the expressions of genes involved in cell cycle, differentiation and oncogenesis such as ACP2, BHLHB2, CLK3, CTSC, FOS, NR1D1, PIM1 and SEPT6 genes were downregulated, while that of the E2F3 gene was upregulated. In conclusion, lentiviral microRNA-based RNAi against the HBsAg gene not only inhibits HBV replication but also inhibits the growth of HCC. Downregulation of growth-related genes is implicated in this mechanism of inhibition.
Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of viral hepatitis
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20642484
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2893.2010.01346.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Gene Knockdown Techniques
The artificial induction of GENE SILENCING by the use of RNA INTERFERENCE to reduce the expression of a specific gene. It includes the use of DOUBLE-STRANDED RNA, such as SMALL INTERFERING RNA and RNA containing HAIRPIN LOOP SEQUENCE, and ANTI-SENSE OLIGONUCLEOTIDES.
A trisaccharide antigen expressed on glycolipids and many cell-surface glycoproteins. In the blood the antigen is found on the surface of NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and MONOCYTES. In addition, CD15 antigen is a stage-specific embryonic antigen.
A form of gene interaction whereby the expression of one gene interferes with or masks the expression of a different gene or genes. Genes whose expression interferes with or masks the effects of other genes are said to be epistatic to the effected genes. Genes whose expression is affected (blocked or masked) are hypostatic to the interfering genes.
A sex-specific cell surface antigen produced by the sex-determining gene of the Y chromosome in mammals. It causes syngeneic grafts from males to females to be rejected and interacts with somatic elements of the embryologic undifferentiated gonad to produce testicular organogenesis.
Gene Knock-in Techniques
Techniques used to add in exogenous gene sequence such as mutated genes; REPORTER GENES, to study mechanisms of gene expression; or regulatory control sequences, to study effects of temporal changes to GENE EXPRESSION.
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