Splenectomy for non-haematological metastatic malignant disease.
Summary of "Splenectomy for non-haematological metastatic malignant disease."
Multiple cases and small series of patients who have undergone splenectomy for metastatic malignant disease have been reported. This study examines the outcome of patients with metastatic malignant disease to the spleen treated by splenectomy at a tertiary oncology centre and a review of cases published in the last 10 years.
The hospital histopathology database was searched over a 25-year period up to 2004 for patients who had undergone splenectomy for non-haematological malignancy. Medical records of these patients were reviewed and clinical course was examined. The literature review was undertaken using a search of PubMed for the terms "splenectomy" and "metastasis" from 2000 to 2010.
Twenty-one cases at our institution were identified. The most common primary site of malignancy was ovary (nine cases), followed by malignant melanoma (three) and pancreas (three). There were two cases of metastatic disease from colonic primary and one each from renal, breast, nasopharyngeal and unknown primary disease. There were two cases of long-term disease-free survival (both primary ovarian tumours) and four cases of patients who survived more than 4 years but had disease recurrence (ovarian and colonic primaries). The literature review provided a further 115 cases.
More favorable outcomes were seen in patients with metachronous disease. There was a trend to improved outcome in ovarian and colorectal primaries over malignant melanoma. It is postulated that improved outcome may be seen in patients for whom there were effective adjuvant chemotherapeutic options, low probability of other metastatic disease and less aggressive tumour biology. However, frequently the presentation is indicative of aggressive widespread disease with a poor prognosis.
Academic Department of Surgery, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Fulham Road, London, SW3 6JJ, UK, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Langenbeck's archives of surgery / Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Chirurgie
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21328018
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-011-0746-2
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Mucocellular carcinoma of the ovary, usually metastatic from the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by areas of mucoid degeneration and the presence of signet-ring-like cells. It accounts for 30%-40% of metastatic cancers to the ovaries and possibly 1%-2% of all malignant ovarian tumors. The lesions may not be discovered until the primary disease is advanced, and most patients die of their disease within a year. In some cases, a primary tumor is not found. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1685)
Pleural Effusion, Malignant
Presence of fluid in the PLEURAL CAVITY as a complication of malignant disease. Malignant pleural effusions often contain actual malignant cells.
Lymphoma, Large-cell, Anaplastic
A systemic, large-cell, non-Hodgkin, malignant lymphoma characterized by cells with pleomorphic appearance and expressing the CD30 ANTIGEN. These so-called "hallmark" cells have lobulated and indented nuclei. This lymphoma is often mistaken for metastatic carcinoma and MALIGNANT HISTIOCYTOSIS.
A synthetic long-acting agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE. Goserelin is used in treatments of malignant NEOPLASMS of the prostate, uterine fibromas, and metastatic breast cancer.
Any of a group of malignant tumors of lymphoid tissue that differ from HODGKIN DISEASE, being more heterogeneous with respect to malignant cell lineage, clinical course, prognosis, and therapy. The only common feature among these tumors is the absence of giant REED-STERNBERG CELLS, a characteristic of Hodgkin's disease.
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