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This review deals with emerging evidence of an association between systemic or local hypoxia and inflammation in a variety of diseases. The evidence points to new ways of treating inflammatory disorders or conditions such as certain cancers with intralesional hypoxia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The New England journal of medicine
Hypoxia is a prominent characteristic of many acute or chronic inflammatory diseases, and exerts significant influence on their progression. Macrophages and neutrophils are major cellular components o...
Partial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO) is characterized by exaggerated stretch, hydrodynamic pressure, and inflammation which cause significant damage and fibrosis to the bladder wall. Several stud...
Despite the well-established association of obesity with insulin resistance and inflammation, the underlying mechanisms and sequence of events leading to inflammation and insulin resistance remain unk...
Breathing is a vital homeostatic behavior and must be precisely regulated throughout life. Clinical conditions commonly associated with inflammation, undermine respiratory function may involve plastic...
Short term dietary nitrate or nitrite supplementation has nitric oxide (NO)-mediated beneficial effects on blood pressure and inflammation and reduces mitochondrial oxygen consumption, possibly preven...
This study aims at exploring the effects of hypoxia and inflammation on the production of citrulline by ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) activity in enterocytes from explant cultures of du...
The general aim of this study is to define the response to hypoxic challenge in patients with diabetes. The investigation will provide response for different questions that are central for...
Aim of the study is to investigate the function of the systemic vascular endothelium in individuals susceptible to high-altitude pulmonary oedema during normoxia and normobaric hypoxia.
The purpose of this study is to look for low levels of oxygen (hypoxia) in prostate cancer using a special x-ray test called a positron emission tomography (PET)scan. Hypoxia may have an e...
Researchers are looking for better ways of diagnosing and treating pancreatic cancer. It is believed that looking for low levels of oxygen (hypoxia) in tumours may give a better understan...
Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.
A basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that plays a role in APOPTOSIS. It is composed of two subunits: ARYL HYDROCARBON RECEPTOR NUCLEAR TRANSLOCATOR and HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR 1, ALPHA SUBUNIT.
A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1, alpha subunit is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that is regulated by OXYGEN availability and is targeted for degradation by VHL TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN.
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.