Evaluation of melatonin on the precocious puberty: a pilot study.
Summary of "Evaluation of melatonin on the precocious puberty: a pilot study."
Objective. To evaluate the effect of 6-sulphatoxymelatonin on the sleep quality of girls with precocious puberty. Study design. Ninety-nine girls were divided into three groups: GI, precocious puberty; GII, normal prepubescent; GIII, normal puberty. Questionnaires containing demographic and clinical data were applied. Blood was collected for hormonal evaluation for 6-sulphatoxymelatonin. The modified Rush Sleep Diary was used. Results. The levels of 6-sulphatoxymelatonin were highest in the group without pubertal development (75.23 +/- 10.84 ng/ml), second highest in the group with normal puberty (45.66 +/- 3.87 ng/ml, p < 0.001) and lowest in the group with true precocious puberty (37.04 +/- 5.47 ng/ml). The amount of day sleep was greater in the group without pubertal development compared to other groups. Conclusion. Despite the sleep data, melatonin may be involved in the precocious puberty process.
Divisão de Ginecologia da Infância e Adolescência, Department of Gynecology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20642379
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09513590.2010.501888
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
Development of SEXUAL MATURATION in boys and girls at a chronological age that is 2.5 standard deviations below the mean age at onset of PUBERTY in the population. This early maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis results in sexual precocity, elevated serum levels of GONADOTROPINS and GONADAL STEROID HORMONES such as ESTRADIOL and TESTOSTERONE.
A family of G-protein-coupled receptors that are specific for and mediate the effects of MELATONIN. Activation of melatonin receptors has been associated with decreased intracellular CYCLIC AMP and increased hydrolysis of PHOSPHOINOSITIDES.
A potent synthetic agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with 3-(2-naphthyl)-D-alanine substitution at residue 6. Nafarelin has been used in the treatments of central PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY and ENDOMETRIOSIS.