High-resolution melting facilitates mutation screening of rpsL gene associated with streptomycin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Summary of "High-resolution melting facilitates mutation screening of rpsL gene associated with streptomycin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis."
Drug resistance remains a serious threat to tuberculosis control worldwide. As one of the important first-line antitubercular agents, resistance to streptomycin (SM) and its derivatives has increased in recent years and has become one of the characteristics of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB). A novel rapid assay to screen for rpsL gene mutations associated with SM resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), was developed using high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis. The HRM results of 134 SM-resistant clinical isolates and 20 SM-susceptible clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis for rpsL gene mutations were perfectly matched with those of DNA sequencing. SM resistance was highly associated with rpsL mutations in M. tuberculosis. HRM technique represented an inexpensive, highly sensitive and high-throughput method to facilitate the screening of large numbers of clinical samples for epidemiological studies of drug-resistance of M. tuberculosis, especially in developing countries.
State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Institute of Genetics, School of Life Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Microbiological research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20554182
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2010.02.001
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Mutation process that restores the wild-type PHENOTYPE in an organism possessing a mutationally altered GENOTYPE. The second "suppressor" mutation may be on a different gene, on the same gene but located at a distance from the site of the primary mutation, or in extrachromosomal genes (EXTRACHROMOSOMAL INHERITANCE).
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Small Molecule Libraries
Large collections of small molecules (molecular weight about 600 or less), of similar or diverse nature which are used for high-throughput screening analysis of the gene function, protein interaction, cellular processing, biochemical pathways, or other chemical interactions.
A copy number variation that results in reduced GENE DOSAGE due to any loss-of-function mutation. The loss of heterozygosity is associated with abnormal phenotypes or diseased states because the remaining gene is insufficient.
Fragile X Syndrome
A condition characterized genotypically by mutation of the distal end of the long arm of the X chromosome (at gene loci FRAXA or FRAXE) and phenotypically by cognitive impairment, hyperactivity, SEIZURES, language delay, and enlargement of the ears, head, and testes. MENTAL RETARDATION occurs in nearly all males and roughly 50% of females with the full mutation of FRAXA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p226)
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