Congenital anomalies in the baboon (Papio spp.).
Summary of "Congenital anomalies in the baboon (Papio spp.)."
Backgroundâ€‚ A comprehensive survey of the prevalence of congenital anomalies in baboons has not been previously reported. We report the congenital anomalies observed over a 26-year period in a large captive baboon colony. Methodsâ€‚ A computer search was performed for all baboon congenital anomalies identified at necropsy and recorded on necropsy submissions. Resultsâ€‚ We identified 198 congenital anomalies in 166 baboons from 9972 necropsies (1.66% of total necropsies). The nervous, urogenital, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular systems were most commonly affected. The most common organs affected were the brain, bone, heart, testicle, kidney, penis, aorta, and skeletal muscle. The most frequent congenital anomalies were blindness, seizures, and hydrocephalus. Conclusionsâ€‚ The baboon has an overall frequency of congenital anomalies similar to humans and other non-human primates. Although the most frequently affected systems are similar, congenital anomalies involving the digestive system appear to be less common in the baboon.
Southwest National Primate Research Center at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, TX, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of medical primatology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21332757
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0684.2011.00472.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of five named species: PAPIO URSINUS (chacma baboon), PAPIO CYNOCEPHALUS (yellow baboon), PAPIO PAPIO (western baboon), PAPIO ANUBIS (or olive baboon), and PAPIO HAMADRYAS (hamadryas baboon). Members of the Papio genus inhabit open woodland, savannahs, grassland, and rocky hill country. Some authors consider MANDRILLUS a subgenus of Papio.
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE, often used as an animal model for cognitive studies.
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE with a somewhat different social structure than PAPIO HAMADRYAS. They inhabit several areas in Africa south of the Sahara.
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE found in southern equatorial and east Africa. They are smaller than PAPIO ANUBIS and have a thinner mane.
A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE, which has a well-studied trilevel social structure consisting of troops, bands, and clans.
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