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An intraarticular fibroma of the tendon sheath in the knee joint.

Summary of "An intraarticular fibroma of the tendon sheath in the knee joint."

Fibromas that usually occur in the tendon sheaths of the wrist and hand are extremely rare in intra-articular locations. Only five such cases in the knee joint have been reported so far. This is a case report of an intra-articular fibroma of the tendon sheath of the knee joint arising adjacent to posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a well-defined intra-articular lesion in the region of the intercondylar notch of the femur behind the PCL. The mass was excised by arthrotomy. Histopathological study confirmed the diagnosis. Level of evidence IV.

Affiliation

Department of Orthopaedics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, 576104, India.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
ISSN: 1433-7347
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inflammation of the synovial lining of a tendon sheath. Causes include trauma, tendon stress, bacterial disease (gonorrhea, tuberculosis), rheumatic disease, and gout. Common sites are the hand, wrist, shoulder capsule, hip capsule, hamstring muscles, and Achilles tendon. The tendon sheaths become inflamed and painful, and accumulate fluid. Joint mobility is usually reduced.

A tumor arising in the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE; SYNOVIAL BURSA; or TENDON sheath. It is characterized by OSTEOCLAST-like GIANT CELLS; FOAM CELLS; pigmented HEMOSIDERIN-laden MACROPHAGES and inflammatory infiltrate. It is classified either as diffuse or localized tenosynovitis.

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Narrowing or stenosis of a tendon's retinacular sheath. It occurs most often in the hand or wrist but can also be found in the foot or ankle. The most common types are DE QUERVAIN DISEASE and TRIGGER FINGER DISORDER.

A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.

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