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The aim of this study was to collect further data about levels of endogenous hormones in foodstuffs derived from animal production. Because of expected higher concentrations of especially estrogens in colostrum compared to other foodstuffs, our investigation focused on this matrix. For evaluation of endogenous steroid hormones in separated colostrum (fat and defatted fraction) and colostrum powder, the relevant free and conjugated estrogens (estradiol-17β, estradiol-17α, estrone, and estriol) androgens (androstendione, 19nor-androstendione, 19nor-testosterone-17β, 19nor-testosterone-17α, testosterone-17β, and testosterone-17α), and progesterone were determined by means of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Upmost determined concentrations were found in the fat fraction, with 25.56 and 7.59 μg/L for estrone and androstendione, respectively. In defatted milk and colostrum powder, conjugated estrogens dominated, whereas total (free and conjugated) estrone (5.51 μg/L; 15.0 μg/kg) exceeded estradiol-17α (2.66 μg/L; 7.5 μg/kg) and estradiol-17β (2.28 μg/L; 3.3 μg/kg). Neither 19nor-steroids nor estriol were detected in colostrum fractions or processed colostrum.
Tiergesundheitsdienst Bayern e.V. , Senator-Gerauer-Strasse 23, 85586 Poing, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
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Steroid hormones produced by the GONADS. They stimulate reproductive organs, germ cell maturation, and the secondary sex characteristics in the males and the females. The major sex steroid hormones include ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; and TESTOSTERONE.
Hormones produced by the GONADS, including both steroid and peptide hormones. The major steroid hormones include ESTRADIOL and PROGESTERONE from the OVARY, and TESTOSTERONE from the TESTIS. The major peptide hormones include ACTIVINS and INHIBINS.
Proteins found usually in the cytoplasm or nucleus that specifically bind steroid hormones and trigger changes influencing the behavior of cells. The steroid receptor-steroid hormone complex regulates the transcription of specific genes.
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
A collective grouping for both naturally occurring and synthetic hormones, substitutes, and antagonists.
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