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Cerebral Volume Loss, Cognitive Deficit, and Neuropsychological Performance: Comparative Measures of Brain Atrophy: II. Traumatic Brain Injury.

06:00 EST 1st March 2011 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Cerebral Volume Loss, Cognitive Deficit, and Neuropsychological Performance: Comparative Measures of Brain Atrophy: II. Traumatic Brain Injury."

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in a variable degree of cerebral atrophy that is not always related to cognitive measures across studies. However, the use of different methods for examining atrophy may be a reason why differences exist. The purpose of this manuscript was to examine the predictive utility of seven magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) -derived brain volume or indices of atrophy for a large cohort of TBI patients (n = 65). The seven quantitative MRI (qMRI) measures included uncorrected whole brain volume, brain volume corrected by total intracranial volume, brain volume corrected by the ratio of the individual TICV by group TICV, a ventricle to brain ratio, total ventricular volume, ventricular volume corrected by TICV, and a direct measure of parenchymal volume loss. Results demonstrated that the various qMRI measures were highly interrelated and that corrected measures proved to be the most robust measures related to neuropsychological performance. Similar to an earlier study that examined cerebral atrophy in aging and dementia, these results suggest that a single corrected brain volume measure is all that is necessary in studies examining global MRI indicators of cerebral atrophy in relationship to cognitive function making additional measures of global atrophy redundant and unnecessary. (JINS, 2011, 17, 308-316).

Affiliation

1Center for Neurological Imaging, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS
ISSN: 1469-7661
Pages: 308-16

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