Diagnosis and treatment of ganglion cysts of the cruciate ligaments.
Summary of "Diagnosis and treatment of ganglion cysts of the cruciate ligaments."
To explore the diagnosis and treatment of ganglion cysts of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) of the knees.
Retrospective analysis of clinical data of patients with ganglion cysts of ACL and PCL as confirmed by arthroscopy and pathology.
All patients were followed up at the clinic in a mean period of 2 years, and their symptoms including arthralgia, swelling and interlocking of the affected knees disappeared. Normal ranges of joint motion were restored successfully.
Ganglion cysts of the cruciate ligaments can easily be detected by MRI and should be arthroscopically resected, not only treated by ultrasound but also by CT-guided paracentesis. Complete resection of the cyst and cyst walls is recommended to avoid recurrence. Positive diagnosis of this disease can be improved by clinical manifestations and specific MRI findings. Trauma and chronic strain were the primary etiological factors responsible for ganglion cysts that were more common in ACL than PCL.
Department of Orthopaedics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110004, Liaoning, China, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21373918
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-011-1286-5
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Nodular tumor-like lesions or mucoid flesh, arising from tendon sheaths, LIGAMENTS, or JOINT CAPSULE, especially of the hands, wrists, or feet. They are not true cysts as they lack epithelial wall. They are distinguished from SYNOVIAL CYSTS by the lack of communication with a joint cavity or the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.
Cysts found in the jaws and arising from epithelium involved in tooth formation. They include follicular cysts (e.g., primordial cyst, dentigerous cyst, multilocular cyst), lateral periodontal cysts, and radicular cysts. They may become keratinized (odontogenic keratocysts). Follicular cysts may give rise to ameloblastomas and, in rare cases, undergo malignant transformation.
The sensory ganglion of the facial (7th cranial) nerve. The geniculate ganglion cells send central processes to the brain stem and peripheral processes to the taste buds in the anterior tongue, the soft palate, and the skin of the external auditory meatus and the mastoid process.
The sensory ganglion of the COCHLEAR NERVE. The cells of the spiral ganglion send fibers peripherally to the cochlear hair cells and centrally to the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM.
The inferior (caudal) ganglion of the vagus (10th cranial) nerve. The unipolar nodose ganglion cells are sensory cells with central projections to the medulla and peripheral processes traveling in various branches of the vagus nerve.
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