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Androgen suppression therapy (AST) was first described in 1941 as a treatment of prostate cancer (PCa) and remains the mainstay of therapy in patients with hormone-naïve metastatic disease. It also is used in locally advanced or recurrent disease and in combination with radiation therapy in patients with higher-risk features. Several approaches to AST have been developed as a result of increased understanding of the pathways controlling testosterone production. Increased recognition of the side effects has resulted in strategies to minimize complications associated with AST. Attempts to reduce AST adverse effects include intermittent hormonal therapy and methods to reduce amount of intracellular androgens without reducing the circulating testosterone levels.
Department of Urology, Wilmington VA Medical Center, 1601 Kirkwood Highway, Wilmington, DE, 19805, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current urology reports
Prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3) and microRNA-141 (miR-141) are emerging molecules in prostate cancer (PCa) pathogenesis and have been shown to be involved in androgen signaling. In this original rese...
Initiating as an androgen-dependent adenocarcinoma, prostate cancer (PCa) gradually progresses to a castrate-resistant disease following androgen deprivation therapy with a propensity to metastasize.
Androgen receptor (AR) is an attractive target for the treatment of prostate cancer. An integrated pharmacophore-based and docking-based virtual screening approach was applied to identify novel AR ant...
The relative effects of radiation dose escalation (RDE) and androgen suppression (AS) duration on local prostatic progression (LP) remain unclear.
Androgen receptors (ARs) play a critical role in the development of prostate cancer. Targeting ARs results in important salutary effects in this malignancy. Despite mounting evidence that ARs also par...
This study will explore the combination of a stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) approach combined with one year of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist for older me...
RATIONALE: Assessing the effect of androgen suppression on bone loss in prostate cancer patients may improve the ability to plan treatment, may decrease the risk of fractures and bony pain...
The purpose of this research study is to determine if an investigational drug called Exisulind will extend the "off-treatment" period of patients receiving intermittent androgen suppressio...
BNIT-PR-001 is an open-label, multi-center, Phase I dosing evaluation trial of MVA-BN®-PRO in men with androgen-insensitive prostate cancer. Patients will have PSA recurrence after being ...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining hormone therapy with chemotherapy and androgen suppression...
A synthetic non-aromatizable androgen and anabolic steroid. It binds strongly to the androgen receptor and has therefore also been used as an affinity label for this receptor in the prostate and in prostatic tumors.
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
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Prostate cancer (cancer de prostata) Prostate cancer (cancer de prostata) is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, there are cases of aggressive prostat...