Trichostatin A inhibits collagen synthesis and induces apoptosis in keloid fibroblasts.
Summary of "Trichostatin A inhibits collagen synthesis and induces apoptosis in keloid fibroblasts."
Keloid, a fibro-proliferative benign tumor of skin, is characterized by an enriched milieu of growth factors and an abundant accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM). Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is well known as the crucial fibrogenic cytokine promoting ECM production and tissue fibrosis in keloid forming. Epigenetic modifications have been shown to play a role in the pathogenesis of cancer as well as autoimmune and inflammatory disorders. Recent publication reports epigenetic modifications in keloid fibroblasts that include an altered pattern of DNA methylation and histone acetylation. Therefore, the field of epigenetics may provide a new therapeutic idea for keloid treatment strategies. Currently, there is some evidence from experimental studies that histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor Trichostatin A (TSA) causes abrogation of TGF-β1 induced collagen synthesis in skin fibroblasts. Furthermore, TSA could suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis in a broad spectrum of tumor cells both in vitro and in vivo. These findings suggest that TSA could also cause abrogation of TGF-β1 induced collagen synthesis and induce apoptosis of proliferating keloid fibroblasts.
Institute of Plastic Surgery, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of dermatological research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21400246
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00403-011-1140-1
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Insulin-like polypeptides made by the liver and some fibroblasts and released into the blood when stimulated by SOMATOTROPIN. They cause sulfate incorporation into collagen, RNA, and DNA synthesis, which are prerequisites to cell division and growth of the organism.
An integrin found on fibroblasts, platelets, endothelial and epithelial cells, and lymphocytes where it functions as a receptor for COLLAGEN and LAMININ. Although originally referred to as the collagen receptor, it is one of several receptors for collagen. Ligand binding to integrin alpha2beta1 triggers a cascade of intracellular signaling, including activation of p38 MAP kinase.
A sharply elevated, irregularly shaped, progressively enlarging scar resulting from formation of excessive amounts of collagen in the dermis during connective tissue repair. It is differentiated from a hypertrophic scar (CICATRIX, HYPERTROPHIC) in that the former does not spread to surrounding tissues.
Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.
A semisynthetic derivative of PODOPHYLLOTOXIN that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle.
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