Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This report presents a case of nephrotic syndrome and renal failure that developed in a 53-year-old female with metastatic breast carcinoma. She was diagnosed to have osteolytic bone metastases 5 years prior to admission, and had been administered pamidronate with a total dose of approximately 6800 mg. A renal biopsy revealed tubulointerstitial damage and marked wrinkling and retraction of the glomerular basement membrane with hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the epithelial cells, compatible with the collapsing form of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Despite the discontinuation of pamidronate after admission, her renal function gradually decreased. She was finally managed with continuous palliative care for advanced malignancy through a shared effort, and died 96 days after undergoing the renal biopsy. Although the clinical impact of the pamidronate-associated kidney injury on the longitudinal changes in renal function remains to be delineated, it is therefore reasonable to consider that the collapsing FSGS associated with tubulointerstitial damage may have resulted in the irreversible renal injuries that were observed in the current case. Further studies and accumulated experience with renal biopsy are required to better determine the relationship between pathological alterations and prognostic characteristics among patients with pamidronate-associated renal impairments.
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical and experimental nephrology
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is the aggressive disease typically spreading along the pleural surface and encasing the lung, leading to respiratory failure or cachexia. Rare cases with atypical...
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a debilitating renal problem in children resulting from an interaction between environmental and genetic factors including human leukocyte antigen genes (HLA). The aim of th...
Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is the most common glomerular disease in childhood, affecting 1 to 3 per 100,000 children under the age of 16. It most commonly occurs in ages between 2 and 10. Its cause...
The pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome is unclear. However, the efficacy of rituximab, a B cell-depleting antibody, in nephrotic syndrome suggests a pathogenic role of B cells. In this retrospective s...
Renal failure is a common and serious complication in cirrhosis and represents a wide spectrum of etiologies. The hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) represents a distinct type of renal failure, only seen in c...
In childhood nephrotic syndrome, the kidneys leak protein, causing body swelling and a variety of possible complications such as infection, blood clots, and kidney failure. The first-line...
We want to test the hypothesises that patients with nephrotic syndrome have a higher excretion of AQP2 in the urine,that they have a higher concentration of AVP,and a lower C-H2O.Everythin...
Membranous nephropathy is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. It is difficult to treat and if persistent leads to end stage renal failure in a significant number of patients. I...
The nephrotic syndrome (NS) is characterized by proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia, and patients with nephrotic syndrome are known to be hypercoaguable with increased incidence of venous thro...
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the effect of atorvastatin on the plasma levels of lipids, Lp(a), and apoproteins for treating hyperlipidemia in children with nephrotic syndrome in whom p...
Abnormal fluid retention by the body due to impaired cardiac function or heart failure. It is usually characterized by increase in venous and capillary pressure, and swollen legs when standing. It is different from the generalized edema caused by renal dysfunction (NEPHROTIC SYNDROME).
A potassium sparing diuretic that acts by antagonism of aldosterone in the distal renal tubules. It is used mainly in the treatment of refractory edema in patients with congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis. Its effects on the endocrine system are utilized in the treatments of hirsutism and acne but they can lead to adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p827)
A condition characterized by severe PROTEINURIA, greater than 3.5 g/day in an average adult. The substantial loss of protein in the urine results in complications such as HYPOPROTEINEMIA; generalized EDEMA; HYPERTENSION; and HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. Diseases associated with nephrotic syndrome generally cause chronic kidney dysfunction.
Renal syndrome in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients characterized by nephrotic syndrome, severe proteinuria, focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis with distinctive tubular and interstitial changes, enlarged kidneys, and peculiar tubuloreticular structures. The syndrome is distinct from heroin-associated nephropathy as well as other forms of kidney disease seen in HIV-infected patients.
Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.