Re-evaluation of superficial fascia of anterior abdominal wall: a computed tomographic study.
Summary of "Re-evaluation of superficial fascia of anterior abdominal wall: a computed tomographic study."
Understanding the topographic anatomy of the membranous layer of superficial fascia of anterior abdominal wall may help in explaining the body contour deformities and provide the anatomic basis for surgical corrections. Existing controversies in the presence and extent of membranous layer of the superficial fascia of anterior abdominal wall among anatomists and misinterpretation of its anatomical description by clinicians provoked us to re-evaluate the superficial fascia of anterior abdominal wall.
Fifty CT scans of abdominal region of either sex were studied to see the vertical and horizontal extent of membranous layer.
The membranous layer was clearly seen in whole of the anterior abdominal wall except for few cases where either it was not clear superiorly in zone 1 (16%) or inferiorly in zone 3 (6%). On combining the horizontal and vertical extent of membranous layer in each and every individual, altogether eight types of patterns were obtained. Out of these patterns, four were present in females and all the eight types in males.
The membranous layer is present in whole of the anterior abdominal wall and it divides the superficial fascia into three layers: superficial fatty layer, intermediate membranous layer, and deep fatty layer. If membranous layer is not clear in CT scan the reason could be the absence of deposition of fat in deep compartment.
Department of Anatomy, Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University (Earstwhile King George's Medical College), Lucknow, UP, India, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21424727
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-011-0801-2
Introduction: The abdominal wall is often neglected as a cause of chronic abdominal pain. The aim of this study was to identify chronic abdominal wall pain syndromes, such as anterior cutaneous nerve...
Laparoscopy has been in vogue for more than 2 decades. Making portals in the anterior abdominal wall for introducing laparoscopic instruments is done with trocar and cannula which is a blind procedure...
Bowel Injuries are uncommonly associated with traumatic abdominal injuries. However, they are associated with significant morbidity and mortality and require operative intervention unlike solid organ...
Dual left anterior descending artery (LAD) is a rare coronary anomaly that is important to recognize at coronary imaging as it may influence reperfusion strategies. Four types of dual LAD are describe...
Abdominal wall defect with large duodenal disruption after penetrating abdominal injury is a rare emergency situation that can result in life-threatening complications. We report on a 64-year-old man...
Abdominal donor-site flaps, including the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) and deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flaps(DIEP), are standard in autologous breast...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Coronary Computed Tomographic Angiography (CCTA) will increase patient safety by decreasing the rate of missed ACS and adverse events in p...
The purpose of this study is to: 1. compare the long term results of mesh versus suture repair in treatment of abdominal wall defects; 2. find the optimal location of impl...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether reenforcement with polypropylen mesh compared with traditional anterior colporrhaphy for anterior vaginal wall prolapse results in fewer r...
The purpose of this study is to study port symmetry and the incidence of anterior abdominal wall neuropathy associated with gynaecological surgery.
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.
A non-invasive imaging method that uses computed tomographic data combined with specialized imaging software to examine the colon.
The tunnel in the lower anterior ABDOMINAL WALL through which the SPERMATIC CORD, in the male; ROUND LIGAMENT, in the female; nerves; and vessels pass. Its internal end is at the deep inguinal ring and its external end is at the superficial inguinal ring.
Contractions of the abdominal muscles upon stimulation of the skin (superficial abdominal reflex) or tapping neighboring bony structures (deep abdominal reflex). The superficial reflex may be weak or absent, for example, after a stroke, a sign of upper (suprasegmental) motor neuron lesions. (Stedman, 25th ed & Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p1073)
A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.