Heat stress-induced hepatotoxicity and its prevention by resveratrol in rats.
Summary of "Heat stress-induced hepatotoxicity and its prevention by resveratrol in rats."
The high ambient temperature beyond the range of comfort zone or thermoneutral zone causes environmental heat stress (HST). It causes serious physiological dysfunction that may result in heat-related diseases and even death. The underlying mechanism in the pathogenesis of hepatic dysfunction following hyperthermic challenge and the possible involvement of oxidative stress to induce oxidative deterioration of liver functions in adult rats are investigated in this study. Cellular damage was assessed in terms of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities and histology of liver. The effect of hyperthermia in altering the oxidative stress was evaluated on the basis of its influence on hepatic lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status-superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity. The current study demonstrated that HST is associated with a complex set of integrated alterations in liver, time-dependent rise in oxidative stress followed by distinct pattern of liver injury in animals. Heat-induced hepatotoxicity was assessed by increased lipid peroxidation, depletion of antioxidant enzyme activities such as SOD, CAT, GPx and tissue damages revealed by hepatic vacuolization, and widespread necrosis. The study also revealed that pretreatment with resveratrol resulted in normalizing these parameters appreciably, emphasizing the therapeutic potentials of this polyphenol. Taken together, the results suggest that an increase in free radical formation relative to loss of the antioxidant defense system during heat stress may render liver more susceptible to oxidative damage, leading to their functional inactivation. However, resveratrol supplementation can be an effective antidote in the treatment of HST-induced malfunction.
Department of Physiology, Serampore College, Serampore, Hooghly, West Bengal, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Toxicology mechanisms and methods
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21426263
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/15376516.2010.550016
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A naturally occurring phenolic acid which is a carcinogenic inhibitor. It has also been shown to prevent paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats. (From J Chromatogr A 1996;741(2):223-31; Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1996;60(5):765-68).
Abnormally high temperature intentionally induced in living things regionally or whole body. It is most often induced by radiation (heat waves, infra-red), ultrasound, or drugs.
Heat Stress Disorders
A group of conditions due to overexposure to or overexertion in excess environmental temperature. It includes heat cramps, which are non-emergent and treated by salt replacement; HEAT EXHAUSTION, which is more serious, treated with fluid and salt replacement; and HEAT STROKE, a condition most commonly affecting extremes of age, especially the elderly, accompanied by convulsions, delusions, or coma and treated with cooling the body and replacement of fluids and salts. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Hsp72 Heat-shock Proteins
Stress-inducible members of the heat-shock proteins 70 family. HSP72 heat shock proteins function with other MOLECULAR CHAPERONES to mediate PROTEIN FOLDING and to stabilize pre-existent proteins against aggregation.
A clinical syndrome caused by heat stress, such as over-exertion in a hot environment or excessive exposure to sun. It is characterized by SWEATING, water (volume) depletion, salt depletion, cool clammy skin, NAUSEA, and HEADACHE.
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