Resolution of Severe Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder After a Small Unilateral Nondominant Frontoparietal Infarct.
Summary of "Resolution of Severe Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder After a Small Unilateral Nondominant Frontoparietal Infarct."
ABSTRACT Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling neuropsychiatric disorder, which rarely spontaneously remits. We present a case of a patient suffering with severe OCD whose symptoms disappeared immediately following a small right posterior frontoparietal infarct. We speculate that the lesion modulated the cortical-subcortical circuits, likely through a change in input into in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. This could have implications regarding surgical targeting in OCD.
Department of Neurology, Parkinson Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The International journal of neuroscience
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21426244
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00207454.2011.561941
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
A primary headache disorder that is similar to the CLUSTER HEADACHE with unilateral head pain, but differs by its multiple short severe attacks. It is usually seen in females, and may be responsive to non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
Compulsive Personality Disorder
Disorder characterized by an emotionally constricted manner that is unduly conventional, serious, formal, and stingy, by preoccupation with trivial details, rules, order, organization, schedules, and lists, by stubborn insistence on having things one's own way without regard for the effects on others, by poor interpersonal relationships, and by indecisiveness due to fear of making mistakes.
A primary headache disorder that is characterized by severe, strictly unilateral PAIN which is orbital, supraorbital, temporal or in any combination of these sites, lasting 15-180 min. occurring 1 to 8 times a day. The attacks are associated with one or more of the following, all of which are ipsilateral: conjunctival injection, lacrimation, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, facial SWEATING, eyelid EDEMA, and miosis. (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
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