Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Current effective bariatric procedures such as gastric bypass generate a duodenal-jejunal exclusion, which has been implicated in the resolution of type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that sleeve gastrectomy with ileal transposition (SGIT), a new procedure, is as effective as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) to induce glucose control on an obese rat model of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Twenty eight obese diabetic Zucker rats, weighing 571 ± 151 g were assigned into three procedures: SGIT (n = 11), RYGB (n = 7), and sham operation (n = 10). Animals were followed, evaluating weekly weight increase and food intake. We performed an insulin tolerance test after 8 weeks and measured serum peptide tyrosine-tyrosine (PYY 3-36) and ghrelin levels.
Nine weeks after surgery, sham-operated animals increased their body weight by 24%. In far contrast, SGIT and RYGB rats weighed 21% and 18% less than sham animals, respectively (sham, 884 ± 15 g; SGIT, 720 ± 19 g; RYGB, 754 ± 14 g; p < 0.001). No significant differences were found between SGIT and RYGB. Cumulative food intake in SGIT and RYGB procedures decreased by 29.6% and 32.9%, respectively (sham, 576.3 ± 33 g; SGIT, 405.8 ± 10 g; RYGB, 386.4 ± 21 g; p < 0.001). No differences were found between SGIT and RYGB rats. Sixty minutes after oral gavage, PYY levels were increased by 185% and 74% in SGIT and RYGB, respectively (sham, 63.4 ± 2.1 pg/ml; SGIT, 192.7 ± 17 pg/ml; RYGB, 117.7 ± 4.8 pg/ml; p < 0.001). Glucose tolerance was improved after SGIT and RYGB surgery demonstrated by area under the curve analysis (sham, 27,090 ± 1,424; SGIT, 17,704 ± 1,288 mg/dl; p < 0.018; RYGB, 16,212 ± 2,522; p < 0.01).
SGIT proved to be as effective as RYGB on obese diabetic rats as a weight loss procedure. Also, glucose homeostasis improved in SGIT, similar to RYGB, in spite of the absence of duodenal-jejunal exclusion. This observation does not support the theory that RYGB reversal of diabetes is due to duodenal-jejunal exclusion.
Division of Laparoscopic and Bariatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Gastric sleeve is the final result when a vertical or sleeve-forming gastrectomy is performed. There is controversy about the nomination of the procedure to make a lesser curvature gastric sleeve (LCS...
Objective Sleeve gastrectomy is the fastest growing surgical procedure to treat obesity in the world but it may cause or worsen gastroesophageal reflux disease. This article originally aimed to descri...
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has rapidly become increasingly popular in bariatric surgery. However, in the long-term follow-up, weight loss failure and intractable severe reflux after primary...
Bariatric surgery has proven safe and effective for long-term weight loss in morbidly obese patients. Readmissions within 30 days of discharge have become an important metric for quality of care. Sle...
Analysis of a recent single state bariatric surgery registry revealed that laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy was the most common bariatric procedure starting in 2012. The objective of this study was to ...
Ileal interposition shifts a segment of ileum proximally to achieve maximal meal stimulated GLP-1 secretion and coupled with a restrictive procedure of sleeve gastrectomy helps in achievin...
- The investigators aim to determine the clinical and metabolic effects of sleeve gastrectomy with or without omentectomy in the treatment of morbid obesity. - The investigators ...
The investigators plan to randomize mild to moderately obese (BMI 30-34.9) subjects to medical management (diet, exercise, and best medical therapy) versus sleeve gastrectomy with medical ...
This study compares if there is any difference doing antrectomy while performing a sleeve gastrectomy for treating morbid obesity. The investigators compare the differences between leaving...
Evaluation to determine the safety of two laparoscopic procedures to control T2DM.
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.
A serotonin antagonist and a histamine H1 blocker used as antipruritic, appetite stimulant, antiallergic, and for the post-gastrectomy dumping syndrome, etc.
A long-acting calcium-blocking agent with significant anti-anginal activity. The drug produces significant coronary vasodilation and modest peripheral effects. It has antihypertensive and selective anti-arrhythmia activities and acts as a calmodulin antagonist.
Tumors or cancer in the ILEUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
Nephrology - kidney function
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...