Laparoscopic hemi/partial nephrectomy in children with ureteral duplication anomalies.
Summary of "Laparoscopic hemi/partial nephrectomy in children with ureteral duplication anomalies."
Recent advances in laparoscopic surgery as well as increasing experience with these techniques have led to the selection of laparoscopic surgery for hemi/partial nephroureterectomy in children with a non/poorly functioning moiety in a duplex kidney. There is very little data on the long term follow-up of such children. We report our experience of laparoscopic hemi-nephroureterectomy in children with duplex moiety. MATERIALS AND
We retrospectively reviewed the case records of children undergoing laparoscopic partial/hemi nephroureterectomy. Demographic data, age, weight, diagnosis, type of operation, operative time, concomitant and subsequent procedures, blood loss, use of drains, analgesic requirement, length of hospitalization and complications were recorded.
29 children (21 girls and 8 boys) underwent laparoscopic hemi/partial nephrectomy. The median operative time was 94 min (range 68-146 min). The mean blood loss was 25 ml and no children required perioperative blood transfusion.
Laparoscopic hemi/partial nephrectomy in children is safe, associated with decreased morbidity and shorter hospitalization. Long term follow-up is necessary to study long term outcomes.
KLE University's JN Medical College, KLES Kidney Foundation, KLES Dr Prabhakar Kore Hospital and MRC, Belgaum, 590010, India, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric surgery international
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21437700
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-011-2883-7
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes arise, i.e. the duplication of a single gene. In contiguous gene duplication, the duplicated sequence coexists within the boundaries set by the start and stop signals for protein synthesis of the original, resulting in a larger transcription product and protein at the expense of the preexisting protein. In discrete gene duplication, the duplicated sequence is outside the start and stop signals, resulting in two independent genes (GENES, DUPLICATE) and gene products. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
Stones in the URETER that are formed in the KIDNEY. They are rarely more than 5 mm in diameter for larger renal stones cannot enter ureters. They are often lodged at the ureteral narrowing and can cause excruciating renal colic.
Absence of urine formation. It is usually associated with complete bilateral ureteral (URETER) obstruction, complete lower urinary tract obstruction, or unilateral ureteral obstruction when a solitary kidney is present.
Excision of a kidney. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Blockage in any part of the URETER causing obstruction of urine flow from the kidney to the URINARY BLADDER. The obstruction may be congenital, acquired, unilateral, bilateral, complete, partial, acute, or chronic. Depending on the degree and duration of the obstruction, clinical features vary greatly such as HYDRONEPHROSIS and obstructive nephropathy.
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