Interference between insulin and estradiol signaling pathways in the regulation of cardiac eNOS and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase.
Summary of "Interference between insulin and estradiol signaling pathways in the regulation of cardiac eNOS and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase."
Insulin and estradiol share some of signaling pathways and regulate same target molecules exerting mostly beneficial cardiac effects. In order to study their cardiac interaction, ovariectomized female rats were treated with hormones, separately or simultaneously (20, 30 or 40min before analysis), and the phosphorylations of protein kinase B (Akt), extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK 1/2), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were analyzed, as well as the plasma membrane content of α2 subunit of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase. Insulin, particularly, and estradiol stimulate Ser(473) Akt phosphorylation. The combined treatment was stimulatory, but less than insulin alone was. The general increase of Thr(308) Akt phosphorylation by insulin was stronger than at Ser(473) and reduced in the presence of estradiol, which also stimulated this phosphorylation given alone. The estradiol induction of ERK 1/2 phosphorylation was inverted to the decrease by the combined treatment, while insulin had no effect. Only insulin increased the plasma membrane content of α2. Estradiol did increase the phosphorylation of eNOS, whereas the insulin effect was controversial. The effect of the combined treatment on target molecules was generally opposite to single hormone treatment. In summary, both hormones exerted an effect on Akt phosphorylation, but only estradiol stimulated ERK 1/2 phosphorylation. The α2 plasma membrane content was increased only by insulin, while estradiol increased eNOS phosphorylation more consistently. Finally, if these hormones were administered together, it seems that they disturb each other in having a full effect on cardiac Akt, ERK 1/2, and downstream effectors, eNOS and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase.
Laboratory for Molecular Biology and Endocrinology, Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of pharmacology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21272573
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.01.016
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Steroidal compounds related to ESTRADIOL, the major mammalian female sex hormone. Estradiol congeners include important estradiol precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with estrogenic activities.
Casein Kinase Ialpha
A casein kinase I isoenzyme that plays a role in intracellular signaling pathways including the CELL CYCLE, membrane trafficking, and RNA processing. In DROSOPHILA casein kinase Ialpha has been in regulation of Hedghog and Wingless signaling pathways. Multiple isoforms of casein kinase Ialpha exist and are due ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.
Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins
A structurally-related group of signaling proteins that are phosphorylated by the INSULIN RECEPTOR PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE. The proteins share in common an N-terminal PHOSPHOLIPID-binding domain, a phosphotyrosine-binding domain that interacts with the phosphorylated INSULIN RECEPTOR, and a C-terminal TYROSINE-rich domain. Upon tyrosine phosphorylation insulin receptor substrate proteins interact with specific SH2 DOMAIN-containing proteins that are involved in insulin receptor signaling.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Smad Proteins, Inhibitory
A sub-family of smad proteins that inhibit cell signaling by RECEPTOR-REGULATED SMAD PROTEINS. They form autoinhibitory feedback loops in the TGF-BETA signaling pathway and mediate signaling cross-talk with other signaling pathways
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