Identification of cytomegalovirus (CMV)pp65 antigen-specific human monoclonal antibodies using single B cell-based antibody gene cloning from melanoma patients.
Summary of "Identification of cytomegalovirus (CMV)pp65 antigen-specific human monoclonal antibodies using single B cell-based antibody gene cloning from melanoma patients."
Recently, because of highly advanced protein engineering technology, beyond the chimeric antibody, highly humanized and fully human antibody development is becoming crucial in the medical field. In the last decade, investigational approaches using clinical samples for fully human antibody production have been performed, but there are still problems with efficiency and accuracy, which should be solved. In the present study, based on novel IgG antibody-measuring ELISA and antibody gene copy number-quantitative PCR, a human single B cell RT-PCR-mediated IgG monoclonal antibody (mAb) gene cloning method was established, and CMVpp65-specific human mAbs were successfully identified. Quantitative PCR for the human IgG mRNA copy number per cell demonstrated that the detection range was 10-250copies/cell. CMVpp65(+)surfaceIgG(+) B cells were collected from melanoma patients who showed high titers of serum anti-CMVpp65 IgG antibody. RT-PCR was successful in 64% (IGH) and 84% (β-actin) of 88 single B cells. Finally, both IGH and IGL gene amplifications in the same cell were successful in 21 single cells, and 18 IgG antibody genes specific for CMVpp65 antigen were cloned. Four of 13 recombinant human single-chain fragment variable (scFv) antibodies showed strong responses to full-length CMVpp65 protein. These results suggested that the current fully human mAb production procedure through antibody-titer screening by ELISA, single B cell RT-PCR-based antibody gene cloning, and the making of scFv recombinant antibody is an efficient method of therapeutic antibody development.
Immunotherapy Division, Shizuoka Cancer Center Research Institute, 1007 Shimonagakubo, Nagaizumi-cho, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka 411-8777, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Immunology letters
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20932861
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.imlet.2010.09.013
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Antibodies, often monoclonal, in which the two antigen-binding sites are specific for separate ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS. They are artificial antibodies produced by chemical crosslinking, fusion of HYBRIDOMA cells, or by molecular genetic techniques. They function as the main mediators of targeted cellular cytotoxicity and have been shown to be efficient in the targeting of drugs, toxins, radiolabeled haptens, and effector cells to diseased tissue, primarily tumors.
Antibodies that inhibit the reaction between ANTIGEN and other antibodies or sensitized T-LYMPHOCYTES (e.g., antibodies of the IMMUNOGLOBULIN G class that compete with IGE antibodies for antigen, thereby blocking an allergic response). Blocking antibodies that bind tumors and prevent destruction of tumor cells by CYTOTOXIC T-LYMPHOCYTES have also been called enhancing antibodies. (Rosen et al., Dictionary of Immunology, 1989)
Loss of detectable antigen from the surface of a cell after incubation with antibodies. This is one method in which some tumors escape detection by the immune system. Antigenic modulation of target antigens also reduces the therapeutic effectiveness of treatment by monoclonal antibodies.
Antibodies elicited in a different species from which the antigen originated. These antibodies are directed against a wide variety of interspecies-specific antigens, the best known of which are Forssman, Hanganutziu-Deicher (H-D), and Paul-Bunnell (P-B). Incidence of antibodies to these antigens--i.e., the phenomenon of heterophile antibody response--is useful in the serodiagnosis, pathogenesis, and prognosis of infection and latent infectious states as well as in cancer classification.
Graft Enhancement, Immunologic
The induction of prolonged survival and growth of allografts of either tumors or normal tissues which would ordinarily be rejected. It may be induced passively by introducing graft-specific antibodies from previously immunized donors, which bind to the graft's surface antigens, masking them from recognition by T-cells; or actively by prior immunization of the recipient with graft antigens which evoke specific antibodies and form antigen-antibody complexes which bind to the antigen receptor sites of the T-cells and block their cytotoxic activity.
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